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dc.contributor.authorSánchez Pinillos, Martina
dc.contributor.authorLeduc, Alain
dc.contributor.authorAméztegui González, Aitor
dc.contributor.authorKneeshaw, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorLloret, Francisco
dc.contributor.authorColl Mir, Lluís
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-02T10:47:40Z
dc.date.available2020-04-10T22:11:06Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn1432-9840
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/66663
dc.description.abstractUnderstanding and measuring forest resistance and resilience have emerged as key priorities in ecology and management, particularly to maintain forest functioning. The analysis of the factors involved in a forest’s ability to cope with disturbances is key in identifying forest vulnerability to environmental change. In this study, we apply a procedure based on combining pathway analyses of forest composition and structure with quantitative indices of resistance and resilience to disturbances. We applied our approach to boreal forests affected by a major spruce budworm outbreak in the province of Quebec (Canada). We aimed to identify the main patterns of forest dynamics and the environmental factors affecting these responses. To achieve this goal, we developed quantitative metrics of resistance and resilience. We then compared forests with different pre-disturbance conditions and explored the factors influencing their recovery following disturbance. We found that post-outbreak forest dynamics are determined by distinct resistance and resilience patterns according to dominant species and stand composition and structure. Black spruce forests are highly resistant to spruce budworm outbreaks, but this resistance is conditioned by the length of the defoliation period, with long outbreaks having the potential to lead the system to collapse. In contrast, balsam fir forests easily change to a different composition after outbreaks but are highly resilient when mixed with hardwood species. Overall, the severity of the disturbance and the tree species affected are the main drivers contributing to boreal forest resistance and resilience. Our procedure is valuable to understand post-disturbance dynamics of a broad range of communities and to guide management strategies focused on enhancing the resistance and resilience of the system.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by MINECO via EST_RES Project (AGL2015-70425-R) and BIOCLIM (CGL2015-6741R) and the EC through the Marie Curie IRSES Project NEWFORESTS (PIRSES-GA- 2013-612645) and the ERA-NET Foresterra Project INFORMED (Grant Number: 29183). MINECO provided MSP with support through a predoctoral contract (BES-2013-063019) and AA through a Juan de la Cierva fellowship (FJCI-2014-20739). We thank Me´lanie Desrochers and Aure´lie Terrier for technical support and three anonymous reviewers for constructive comments on the manuscript.ca_ES
dc.language.isoengca_ES
dc.publisherSpringerca_ES
dc.relationMINECO/PN2013-2016/AGL2015-70425-Rca_ES
dc.relationMINECO/PN2013-2016/CGL2015-6741-Rca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-019-00378-6ca_ES
dc.relation.ispartofEcosystems, 2019, vol. 22, núm. 8, p. 1886-1901ca_ES
dc.rights(c) Springer, 2019ca_ES
dc.subjectBiotic disturbanceca_ES
dc.subjectEcosystem collapseca_ES
dc.subjectForest dynamicsca_ES
dc.subjectResilienceca_ES
dc.subjectResistanceca_ES
dc.subjectSpruce budwormca_ES
dc.subjectStabilityca_ES
dc.subjectSuccessional pathwaysca_ES
dc.titleResistance, resilience or change: post-disturbance dynamics of boreal forests after insect outbreaksca_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca_ES
dc.identifier.idgrec028884
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersionca_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessca_ES
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-019-00378-6


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