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dc.contributor.authorHerrero, Albert
dc.contributor.authorVila, Judit
dc.contributor.authorGinebreda, A.
dc.contributor.authorSabater, Sergi
dc.contributor.authorBatalla, Ramon J.
dc.contributor.authorBarceló, Damià
dc.description.abstractPollutants' dynamics in rivers flowing through industrial areas is linked to the entrainment and transport of contaminants attached to solid particles. The transport of sediment is mainly associated to high discharges and flood episodes, and these events constitute one of the main factors causing fluxes of buried pollutants in rivers. We performed a field study in the lower River Cinca (Ebro basin, Northeast Spain) to quantify the mobilization and transfer of several contaminants present in the river bed sediments. We focused on contaminants previously identified (PCBs, DDXs, PBDEs, HBCDs and PFRs) to occur in the river. River bed sediment samples were collected during low flows and a subsequent sampling campaign was used to capture sediment borne contaminants during a flood event. Water samples were taken at the same locations as the static sediment samples and used to determine the suspended sediment concentrations and the contaminants content (i.e. mass of contaminant per sediment mass unit) during the event. We estimated mass fluxes for both sediment and pollutants, and determined that sediment transport followed a clockwise hysteresis. This is typically observed in high flow events after dry summer periods. With sediments there was a large mobilization of PFRs (36 kg in 48 h in one of the main tributaries) and PCBs not previously observed in the static sediment. Observed contaminant load ranges during the two-day sampling campaign were: PCB (34–152 g), DDT (12–213 g), PBDE (50–1740 g), HBCD (0–2.2 g) and PFR (2410–35,895 g). An environmental risk assessment was carried out by comparing the pollutant concentrations found in the sediments with the Canadian quality guidelines (ISQC), showing a significant noncompliance for PCBs in dynamic sediments. Our results point out to the need of a regular assessment of the downstream transfer of the sediment-borne pollutants in drainage basins historically affected by intense industrial activities and associated contamination.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors are grateful to the reviewers, whose valuable suggestion contributed to improving the present manuscript. This work was funded by the EU through the FP7 Project GLOBAQUA (grant agreement 603629) and the Redes de Excelencia project NET-SCARCE (CTM2015-69780-REDC). Authors acknowledge the support from the Economy and Knowledge Department of the Catalan Government through Consolidated Research Groups ICRA-ENV 2017 SGR 1124 and 2017 SGR 459 Fluvial Dynamics Research Group (RIUS). Authors thank Efren Muñoz who helped during the sampling campaign and provided turbidity data.ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofScience of the Total Environment, 2018, vol. 633, p. 1392-1402ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by (c) Herrero et al., 2018ca_ES
dc.subjectSediment transportca_ES
dc.subjectSediment-borne contaminantsca_ES
dc.subjectMass balanceca_ES
dc.titleTransport of sediment borne contaminants in a Mediterranean river during a high flow eventca_ES

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