The effectiveness of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training through Immersive Virtual Reality for the treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence based on the impact on the quality of life in adult women elite athletes - A randomized controlled trial -
Arumí Trujillo, Clàudia
Research question: Is it effective the pelvic floor muscle training with biofeedback and using an immersive virtual reality programme to improve quality of life in adult elite women athletes? Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training with biofeedback using an immersive virtual reality programme to improve quality of life in adult elite women athletes. Methods: Study design: A double blind randomized controlled clinical trial with a total number of 64 women who suffer from stress urinary incontinence. Sample and randomization: The adult women elite athletes from Sant Cugat CAR will be assigned randomly and equally, 32 subjects in the control group and 32 subjects in the experimental group. Intervention: Patients will be randomly assigned either to the pelvic floor muscle training with biofeedback using an immersive virtual reality by an application programme (experimental) or to the pelvic floor muscle training with biofeedback alone by the same application programme (control). Measurements: The primary outcome will be the quality of life measured with International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form. Secondary outcomes will be the urine leakage measured by Pad Test, urinary incontinence severity measured by Incontinence Severity Index test, pelvic floor muscle strength measured by perineometry and to measure the treatment adherence it will be taken into account the times that the patient accesses the application. Calendar and assessments: the intervention will last one year with evaluations at the beginning of the process and in the 3rd, 6th and 12th month.