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dc.contributor.authorGutiérrez Carrasquilla, Liliana
dc.contributor.authorSánchez Peña, Enric
dc.contributor.authorHernández García, Marta
dc.contributor.authorPolanco, Dinora
dc.contributor.authorSalas-Salvadó, Jordi
dc.contributor.authorBetriu i Bars, M. Àngels
dc.contributor.authorGaeta, Anna Michela
dc.contributor.authorCarmona, Paola
dc.contributor.authorPurroy Garcia, Francisco
dc.contributor.authorPamplona Gras, Reinald
dc.contributor.authorFarràs-Sallés, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorLópez Cano, Carolina
dc.contributor.authorFernández i Giráldez, Elvira
dc.contributor.authorLecube Torelló, Albert
dc.description.abstractA few studies showed that both adherence to Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and physical activity practice have a positive impact on pulmonary function in subjects with lung disease. These associations are not well studied in subjects free from lung disease. In a cross-sectional study conducted in 3020 middle-aged subjects free of lung disease, adherence to the MedDiet using the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener, and physical activity practice using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire short form were recorded. Respiratory function was assessed using forced spirometry and the results were evaluated according to the Global initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the associations between adherence to the MedDiet and physical activity practice with the presence of ventilatory defects. Participants with a high adherence to MedDiet, in comparison to those with low adherence, had both higher forced vital capacity (FVC; 100 (87–109) vs. 94 (82–105) % of predicted, p = 0.003) and forced expired volume in the first second (FEV1; 100 (89–112) vs. 93 (80–107) % of predicted, p < 0.001). According to their degree of physical activity, those subjects with a high adherence also had both higher FVC (100 (88–107) vs. 94 (83–105) % of predicted, p = 0.027) and FEV1 (100 (89–110) vs. 95 (84–108) % of predicted, p = 0.047) in comparison with those with low adherence. The multivariable logistic regression models showed a significant and independent association between both low adherence to MedDiet and low physical activity practice, and the presence of altered pulmonary patterns, with differences between men and women. However, no joint effect between adherence to MedDiet and physical activity practice on respiratory function values was observed. Low adherence to MedDiet and low physical activity practice were independently associated with pulmonary impairment. Therefore, the lung mechanics seem to benefit from heart-healthy lifestyle behaviors.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by grants from the Diputació de Lleida, Generalitat de Catalunya (2017SGR696 and SLT0021600250), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria PI12/00803 and PI15/00260), and European Union (European Regional Development Fund, Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional, “Una manera de hacer Europa”). CIBER de Diabetes y Enfermedades Metabólicas Asociadas, CIBER de Nutrición y Obesidad, and CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias are initiatives of the Instituto de Salud Carlos III.ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofNutrients, 2019, vol. 11, núm. 2, 329, p. 1-14ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by (c) Liliana Gutiérrez et al., 2019ca_ES
dc.subjectForced vital capacityca_ES
dc.subjectForced expiratory volume in the first secondca_ES
dc.subjectLung functionca_ES
dc.subjectMediterranean dietca_ES
dc.titleEffects of Mediterranean Diet and Physical Activity on Pulmonary Function: A Cross-Sectional Analysis in the ILERVAS Projectca_ES

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cc-by (c) Liliana Gutiérrez et al., 2019
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