Use of seagrass fibres in adobe bricks

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Olacia, Elena
Pisello, Anna Laura
Chiodo, Vitaliano
Maisano, Susanna
Frazzica, Andrea
Cabeza, Luisa F.Cabeza, Luisa F. - ORCID ID
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cc-by, (c) Elena Olacia et al., 2019
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The main aim of the present study is to measure the capability the 'Posidonia Oceanica' as fibre reinforcement for adobe bricks. This sea-plant is distributed in the Mediterranean coast, considered as a solid marine by-product. To analyse the performance, prismatic earthen specimens with seagrass fibres were compared with the most traditional additives for this purpose; straw fibres. Both fibres were included with different lengths and quantities. Previously, in order to understand their behaviour, the fibres themselves were evaluated. Tensile strength and water absorption tests were performed. Meanwhile bricks themselves were subjected to mechanical tests. Concerning the biomass fibres, results show that straw fibres present higher tensile resistance than the seagrass leafs while they are more fragile to breakage than seagrass; on the other hand, they have higher water absorption than seagrass. Mechanical results show variations depending on their fibre content and length. Nevertheless, bricks with long seagrass fibres present a characteristic good behaviour in terms of flexural and compressive strength. Generally, adobe bricks with both types of fibres achieve similar mechanical properties, generating favourable results in terms of comparison between them.
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IOP Conference Series: Earth and Envrionmental Science, 2019, vol. 225, p. 012051-1-012051-6