Treatment strategies after acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Impact on mortality
Casas-Méndez, Luis Fernando
Abadías, María José
Bardés Robles, Ignasi
Batlle Garcia, Jordi de
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Introduction Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is a common reason for presentation to emergency departments (ED), but the management of these episodes is often heterogeneous regardless of their potential impact on short-term adverse outcomes. Methods This was a longitudinal,
retrospective study of all patients>40 years old admitted to the ED of two Spanish teaching hospitals for an AECOPD between January 1st and May 31st, 2016. All data were collected from electronic medical records. The primary outcomes were patient treatment at discharge and 90-day mortality. Logistic regression was used to model the determinants of 90-day mortality. Results Of the 465 included patients, 56% were prescribed a 3-drug combination at hospital discharge, 22% a 2-drug combination, 19% a single drug, and 4% other or no treatment. Approximately 8% of patients died within 90 days after an AECOPD. Multivariate logistic models revealed that having more than 2 severe exacerbations within the last 12 months (OR (95% CI): 15.12 (4.22–54.22)) and being prescribed a single drug at discharge (OR (95% CI): 7.23 (2.44– 21.38)) were the main determinants of 90-day mortality after an AECOPD. Conclusions This study reflects the real-life heterogeneity in the pharmacological treatments prescribed after an ED admission for an AECOPD and suggests the potential impact of suboptimal inhaled treatment strategies on 90-day mortality rates.
Is part ofPLoS ONE, vol. 13, núm. 12, e0208847
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by (c) Fernando Casas et al., 2018
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