Reduced absorption and impaired translocation endows glyphosate resistance in Amaranthus palmeri harvested in GR soybean from Argentina
García, María J.
Rojano-Delgado, Antonia M.
Alcántara-de la Cruz, Ricardo
Prado, Rafael de
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Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson is probably the worst glyphosate-resistant (GR) weed worldwide. The EPSPS (5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate-synthase) gene amplification has been reported as the major target-site-resistance (TSR) mechanism conferring resistance to glyphosate in this species. In this study, TSR and non-target-site-resistance (NTSR) mechanisms to glyphosate were characterized in a putative resistant A. palmeri population (GRP), harvested in a GR-soybean crop from Argentina. Glyphosate resistance was confirmed for the GRP population by dose-response assays. No evidence of TSR mechanisms as well as glyphosate metabolism was found in this population. Moreover, a susceptible population (GSP) that absorbed about 10% more herbicide than the GRP population was evaluated at different periods after treatment. The GSP population translocated about 20% more glyphosate to the remainder of the shoots and roots at 96 h after treatment than the control, while the GRP population retained 62% of herbicide in the treated leaves. This is the first case of glyphosate resistance in A. palmeri involving exclusively NTSR mechanisms.
Is part ofJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2019, vol. 67, núm. 4, p. 1052–1060
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