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dc.contributor.authorBalasch Solanes, J. Carles (Josep Carles)
dc.contributor.authorPino González, David
dc.contributor.authorRuiz Bellet, Josep Lluís
dc.contributor.authorTuset Mestre, Jordi
dc.contributor.authorBarriendos i Vallvé, Mariano
dc.contributor.authorCastelltort Aiguabella, F. Xavier
dc.contributor.authorPeña, Juan Carlos
dc.description.abstractReliable and complete knowledge of the historical floods is necessary for understanding the extreme hydrological dynamics of the rivers, their natural variability and anthropic changes. In this work we reconstruct the most important floods of the Ebro basin during the last 400 years in different areas of the basin. The analysis is based on four different areas: the Ebro River at Zaragoza, the Cinca River at Fraga, the Segre River at Lleida, and the Ebro River near its mouth at Tortosa. Based on a documentary research, we have first obtained relevant information about the initial conditions (rainfall duration and distribution, snow cover influence) and the maximum flood heights that allow to reconstruct the maximum peak flows by using hydraulic models and to calculate the subbasins contributions. The results show four main types of extreme floods: a) those affecting simultaneously all the subbasins with the highest peak discharges (Ebro at Tortosa in 1787: 0.15 m3 s−1 km−2); b) those originated at the western basin, upstream from Zaragoza, with an Atlantic origin, presenting moderate maximum peak flows, caused by persistent winter rainfall and where snowmelt significantly contributes to the flood; c) those originating at the central Pyrenean subbasins, with Mediterranean origin, occurring, with high peak discharges. These mainly occur during autumn as a consequence of rainfalls of different duration (between 3 days and 1 month), and without significant snow thawing and d) finally, less frequent but very intense flash floods events centered in the Lower Ebro area with low peak flows. In terms of frequency, two different periods can be distinguished: from 1600 until 1850, the frequency of events is low; since 1850 the frequency of events is clearly higher, due to an increase of the climatic variability during last stages of the Little Ice Age. From the 1960's reservoirs construction modifies discharges regime.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work has been partially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Innovation (CGL2016-75996-R). A. Pelechá and J. Salleras, local historians in the town of Fraga, supplied valuable information about the historical floods of Fraga. O. Llanos helped in preparing in some of the figures. A. Abellà, D. Mérida, A. Monserrate, A. Sánchez and E. Thousaint helped with some of the numerical simulation models during their BSc. We would also like to acknowledge the data and support provided the Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro. We finally want to acknowledge the comments of the two anonymous referees that largely help to improve the manuscript.
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofScience of the Total Environment, 2018, vol. 646, p. 645-660
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2018
dc.subjectEbro River
dc.subjectHistorical floods
dc.subjectPeak discharge reconstruction
dc.subjectSubbasin contributions
dc.titleThe extreme floods in the Ebro River basin since 1600 CE

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cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2018
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2018