Contribution of the Five Factors of Personality and Peers on Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Cross-National Study
Ortet i Fabregat, Generós
MetadataShow full item record
Personality characteristics such as extraversion, low agreeableness and low conscientiousness are relevant for alcohol use during adolescence. In addition, having friends who use alcohol is one of the strongest predictors of adolescent alcohol consumption and its negative outcomes. The selection model posits that friends display similar alcohol consumption when their friendships are formed on the basis of common characteristics as, among others, personality. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the mediation role of peers in the association between the five-factor model of personality and adolescent alcohol use in two cultures. One hundred and twenty Scottish and 221 Spanish respondents, all aged 12-15 years, answered the Alcohol Intake Scale (AIS). Adolescents were asked about the alcohol used at the weekend and also about the alcohol consumed by their friends. Scottish adolescents' personality was measured by the NEO Personality Inventory-3 (NEO-PI-3). The Junior Spanish version of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (JS NEO) was used to assess personality in the Spanish sample. Low agreeableness and low conscientiousness correlated with own alcohol quantity in both countries. We performed an independent structural equation modeling for each country. Extraversion (β = .205, p < .05) and low agreeableness (β = -.196, p < .01) for Scottish adolescents, and low conscientiousness (β = -.175, p < .05) for Spanish youths, predicted alcohol use through peer alcohol consumption at weekends. These findings support the relevance of personality traits and peer affiliation in relation to alcohol consumption in adolescence.
Is part ofSpanish Journal of Psychology, 2018, vol. 21, núm. e58, p. 1-9
European research projects
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Alcohol expectancies mediate and moderate the associations between Big Five personality traits and adolescent alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems Ibáñez Ribes, Manuel Ignacio; Camacho, Laura; Mezquita, Laura; Villa Martín, Elena; Moya Higueras, Jorge; Ortet i Fabregat, Generós (Frontiers Media, 2015-11-13)Personality and expectancies are relevant psychological factors for the development of adolescent alcohol use and misuse. The present study examined their direct, mediated and moderated effects on different drinking behaviors ...
An investigation of five types of personality trait continuity: a two-wave longitudinal study of spanish adolescents from age 12 to age 15 Ibáñez Ribes, Manuel Ignacio; Viruela, Ana María; Mezquita, Laura; Moya Higueras, Jorge; Villa, Helena; Camacho, Laura; Ortet i Fabregat, Generós (Frontiers Media, 2016)The present study investigated five types of personality trait continuity using two measurement waves of Spanish adolescents (N = 234). Personality traits were measured with the short form of the Junior Spanish NEO-PI-R ...
Assessing the five factors of personality in adolescents. the junior version of the Spanish NEO-PI-R Moya Higueras, Jorge; Ortet i Fabregat, Generós; Ibáñez Ribes, Manuel Ignacio; Villa Martín, Elena; Viruela Royo, Ana; Mezquita Guillamón, Laura (Sage Publications, 2012)This article presents the development of a Junior version of the Spanish (Castilian) NEO Personality Inventory-Revised (JS NEO) suitable for adolescents aged 12-18 years. The psychometric properties of the new JS NEO ...