Processes of Interdependence between Languages. The Case of Immigrant Students in Catalonia
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Currently, a high number of immigrant students can be found in schools in the Spanish state in general and in Catalonia in particular, where the educational system is organized under the parameters of bilingual education. In this context, one of the theoretical assumptions underlying this educational
model is the Linguistic Interdependence Hypothesis. With this framework, this study focused on a sample of 533 students of immigrant origin (49.16% boys and 50.84% girls), who completed a series of parallel tests assessing their competences in Catalan and Spanish, designed and validated by the Department of Education of the Government of Catalonia. In addition, we specifically analyzed one of the immigrant groups, whose home language was Arabic. Accordingly, we confirm the validity of the aforementioned Hypothesis in the case of immigrant students in general, as well as for the specific group whose L1 was Arabic. Moreover, we also present data enabling to discern which competences are transferred. Also, some educational implications are discussed.