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dc.contributor.authorSillero, Neftalí
dc.contributor.authorCampos, João
dc.contributor.authorBonardi, Anna
dc.contributor.authorCorti, Claudia
dc.contributor.authorCreemers, Raymond
dc.contributor.authorCrochet, Pierre-Andre
dc.contributor.authorIsailović, Jelka Crnobrnja
dc.contributor.authorDenoël, Mathieu
dc.contributor.authorFicetola, Gentile Francesco
dc.contributor.authorGonçalves, João
dc.contributor.authorKuzmin, Sergei
dc.contributor.authorLymberakis, Petros
dc.contributor.authorPous, Philip de
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez, Ariel
dc.contributor.authorSindaco, Roberto
dc.contributor.authorSpeybroeck, Jeroen
dc.contributor.authorToxopeus, Bert
dc.contributor.authorVieites, David R.
dc.contributor.authorVences, Miguel
dc.description.abstractA precise knowledge of the spatial distribution of taxa is essential for decision-making processes in land management and biodiversity conservation, both for present and under future global change scenarios. This is a key base for several scientific disciplines (e.g. macro-ecology, biogeography, evolutionary biology, spatial planning, or environmental impact assessment) that rely on species distribution maps. An atlas summarizing the distribution of European amphibians and reptiles with 50 × 50 km resolution maps based on ca. 85 000 grid records was published by the Societas Europaea Herpetologica (SEH) in 1997. Since then, more detailed species distribution maps covering large parts of Europe became available, while taxonomic progress has led to a plethora of taxonomic changes including new species descriptions. To account for these progresses, we compiled information from different data sources: published in books and websites, ongoing national atlases, personal data kindly provided to the SEH, the 1997 European Atlas, and the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). Databases were homogenised, deleting all information except species names and coordinates, projected to the same coordinate system (WGS84) and transformed into a 50 × 50 km grid. The newly compiled database comprises more than 384 000 grid and locality records distributed across 40 countries.We calculated species richness maps as well as maps of CorrectedWeighted Endemism and defined species distribution types (i.e. groups of species with similar distribution patterns) by hierarchical cluster analysis using Jaccard's index as association measure. Our analysis serves as a preliminary step towards an interactive, dynamic and online distributed database system (NA2RE system) of the current spatial distribution of European amphibians and reptiles. The NA2RE system will serve as well to monitor potential temporal changes in their distributions. Grid maps of all species are made available along with this paper as a tool for decision-making and conservation-related studies and actions. We also identify taxonomic and geographic gaps of knowledge that need to be filled, and we highlight the need to add temporal and altitudinal data for all records, to allow tracking potential species distribution changes as well as detailed modelling of the impacts of land use and climate change on European amphibians and reptiles.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research project was funded by Societas Europaea Herpetologica. Authors were funded by the following institutions: the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (Portugal) grant SFRH/BPD/26666/2006 to NS, the Spanish Ministry of Environment 206/2010 grant and the BiodivERsA: EC21C to DRV, the Ministry of Education, ScienceandTechnologicalDevelopmentofRepublicofSerbia grant 173025 to JCI, Fonds Spéciaux de la Recherche grantC11/23andFondsdelaRechercheScientifique-FNRS Crédit aux Chercheurs grant to MD (Fonds de la Recherches Scientifique-FNRS Research associate, Belgium), the Generalitat de Catalunya FI-DGR grant, Spain to PdD, and a Georg Forster Fellowship of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation to AR.ca_ES
dc.publisherBrill Academic Publishersca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofAmphibia-Reptilia, 2014, vol. 35, núm. 1, p. 1 – 31ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by-nc (c) N. Sillero et al., 2014ca_ES
dc.subjectDistribution atlasca_ES
dc.subjectDistribution typesca_ES
dc.subjectEuropean herpetofaunaca_ES
dc.subjectSpecies richnessca_ES
dc.titleUpdated distribution and biogeography of amphibians and reptiles of Europeca_ES

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cc-by-nc (c) N. Sillero et al., 2014
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