Spanish barley landraces outperform modern cultivars at low-productivity sites
Gracia Gimeno, Ma. Pilar
Medina Abad, Blanca
Lasa Dolhagaray, José Manuel
Casas Cendoya, Ana Maria
Ciudad, F. J.
Montoya, J. L.
Molina Cano, José Luis
Igartua Arregui, Ernesto
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Barley landraces from the western Mediterranean area have not been thoroughly exploited by modern breeding. This study aims at assessing the agronomic value of a core collection of lines derived from landraces of Spanish origin and to compare them with sets of successful old and modern cultivars. The agronomic performance of a set of 175 barley genotypes, comprising 159 landrace-derived lines and 26 cultivars, was evaluated in a series of 10 field trials, carried out over 3 years and several locations. The most relevant trait of the landraces was higher grain yield at low production sites than cultivars, which may be related with better ability to fill the grain under stressful conditions. On the other hand, lateness, excessive plant height and lodging were negative traits frequently found in the landraces. Large genotype-by-environment interaction (GEI) for grain yield was detected, related partly with differences between germplasm groups, probably indicating local adaptation. GEI was also associated with the interaction of heading time and powdery mildew resistance with temperature.
Is part ofPlant Breeding, 2014, vol. 133, núm. 2, p. 218-226
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Gracia Gimeno, Ma. Pilar; Mansour Elsayed, Elsayed; Casas Cendoya, Ana Maria; Lasa Dolhagaray, José Manuel; Medina Abad, Blanca; Molina Cano, José Luis; Moralejo Vidal, Mª Angeles; López, Alberto; López Fuster, Prudencio; Escribano, J.; Ciudad, F. J.; Codesal, P.; Montoya, J. L.; Igartua Arregui, Ernesto (Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (Espanya), 2012)The Spanish Barley Breeding Program is carried out by four public research organizations, located at the most representative barley growing regions of Spain. The aim of this study is to evaluate the program retrospectively, ...
Cuesta-Marcos, Alfonso; Igartua Arregui, Ernesto; Ciudad, F. J.; Codesal, P.; Russell, Joanne; Molina Cano, José Luis; Moralejo Vidal, Mª Angeles; Szűcs, Péter; Gracia Gimeno, Ma. Pilar; Lasa Dolhagaray, José Manuel; Casas Cendoya, Ana Maria (Springer Verlag, 2008)Heading date is a key trait for the adaptation of barley to Mediterranean environments. We studied the genetic control of flowering time under Northern Spanish (Mediterranean) conditions using a new population derived from ...
Yahiaoui, Samia; Igartua Arregui, Ernesto; Moralejo Vidal, Mª Angeles; Ramsay, Luke D.; Molina Cano, José Luis; Ciudad, F. J.; Lasa Dolhagaray, José Manuel; Gracia Gimeno, Ma. Pilar; Casas Cendoya, Ana Maria (Springer Verlag, 2008)The pool of Western Mediterranean landraces has been under-utilised for barley breeding so far. The objectives of this study were to assess genetic diversity in a core collection of inbred lines derived from Spanish barley ...