L1CAM expression in uterine carcinosarcoma is limited to the epithelial component and may be involved in epithelial–mesenchymal transition
de Bruyn, M
Nijman, Hans W.
de Bock, GH
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Uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) has been proposed as a model for epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process characterized by a functional change facilitating migration and metastasis in many types of cancer. L1CAMis an adhesion molecule that has been involved in EMT as a marker for mesenchymal phenotype.We examined expression of L1CAM in UCS in a cohort of 90 cases from four different centers. Slides were immunohistochemically stained for L1CAMand scored in four categories (0%, < 10%, 10–50%, and > 50%). A score of more than 10% was considered positive for L1CAM. The median age at presentation was 68.6 years, and half of the patients (53.3%) presented with FIGO stage 1 disease. Membranous L1CAM expression was positive in the epithelial component in 65.4% of cases. Remarkably, expression was negative in the mesenchymal component. In cases where both components were intermingled, expression limited to the epithelial component was confirmed by a double stain for L1CAMand keratin. Expression of L1CAMdid not relate to overall or disease-free survival. Our findings suggest L1CAMis either not a marker for the mesenchymal phenotype in EMT, or UCS is not a good model for EMT.
Is part ofVirchows Archiv, 2018
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