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dc.contributor.authorGranado Casas, Minerva
dc.contributor.authorAlcubierre Calvo, Núria
dc.contributor.authorMartín, Mariona
dc.contributor.authorReal, Jordi
dc.contributor.authorRamírez-Morros, Anna
dc.contributor.authorCuadrado, Maribel
dc.contributor.authorAlonso, Núria
dc.contributor.authorFalguera, Mireia
dc.contributor.authorHernández García, Marta
dc.contributor.authorAguilera, Eva
dc.contributor.authorLecube Torelló, Albert
dc.contributor.authorCastelblanco Echavarría, Esmeralda
dc.contributor.authorPuig-Domingo, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorMauricio Puente, Dídac
dc.description.abstractPurpose We aimed to assess food intake and adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in patients with T1D compared with nondiabetic individuals. Methods This was an observational, multicenter study in 262 T1D subjects and 254 age- and sex-matched nondiabetic subjects. A validated food-frequency questionnaire was administered. The alternate Mediterranean Diet Score (aMED) and alternate Healthy Eating Index (aHEI) were assessed. The clinical variables were also collected. The analysis of data included comparisons between groups and multivariate models. Results Compared to the controls, the patients with T1D had a higher intake of dairy products (p < 0.001), processed meat (p = 0.001), fatty fish (p = 0.009), fruits and vegetables (p < 0.001), nuts (p = 0.011), legumes (p < 0.001), potatoes (p = 0.045), and bread (p = 0.045), and a lower intake of seafood (p = 0.011), sweets (p < 0.001), and alcohol drinks (p = 0.025). This intake pattern resulted in a higher consumption of complex carbohydrates (p = 0.049), fiber (p < 0.001), protein (p < 0.001), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (p = 0.007), antioxidants (p < 0.001), vitamins (p < 0.001), and minerals (p < 0.001). The frequency of patients with T1D and low aMED score (23.2%) was lower than that of the controls (35.4%; p = 0.019). The overall multivariate analysis showed that, among other factors, being a T1D subject was associated with improved aMED and aHEI scores (p = 0.006 and p < 0.001). In patients with T1D, residing in a nonurban area was associated with improved aMED and aHEI scores (p = 0.001 and p < 0.001). Conclusions Adult patients with T1D showed healthier dietary habits and a higher adherence to the Mediterranean Diet than nondiabetic subjects. Residing in a nonurban area is associated with an improved dietary pattern.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by the Catalan Diabetes Association (Beca d’Educació Terapèutica 2015), Spain. Additional support from Grants PI12/00183 and PI15/00625 from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Spain) to DM is acknowledged. CIBERDEM is an initiative from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Plan Nacional de I + D + I and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional). MG-C holds a predoctoral fellowship from the Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, FPU15/03005.
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Journal of Nutrition, 2018
dc.rightscc-by (c) Granado Casas, Minerva et al., 2018
dc.subject.classificationHàbits alimentaris
dc.subject.otherFood habits
dc.titleImproved adherence to Mediterranean Diet in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus

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