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dc.contributor.authorTorres Rivas, Alba
dc.contributor.authorPalumbo, Mariana
dc.contributor.authorHaddad, Assed Naked
dc.contributor.authorCabeza, Luisa F.
dc.contributor.authorJiménez, Laureano
dc.contributor.authorBoer, Dieter
dc.description.abstractThe reduction in energy demand for heating and cooling with insulation materials increases the material related environmental impact. Thus, implementing low embodied energy materials may equilibrate this trade-off. Actual trends in passive house postulate bio-based materials as an alternative to conventional ones. Despite that, the implementation of those insulators should be carried out with a deeper analysis due to their hygroscopic properties. The moisture transfer, the associated condensation risk and the energy consumption for seven biobased materials and polyurethane for a building-like cubicle are analysed. The performance is evaluated combining a software application to model the cubicle (EnergyPlus) and a tool to optimize its performance (jEPlus). The novelty of this optimization approach is to include and evaluate the effects of moisture in these insulation materials, taking into account the mass transfer through the different layers and the evaporation of the different materials. This methodology helps optimise the insulation type and thickness verifying the condensation risk, preventing the deterioration of the materials. The total cost of the different solutions is quantified, and the environmental impact is determined using the life cycle assessment methodology. The effect of climate conditions and the envelope configuration, as well as the risk of condensation, are quantified. The results show that cost and environmental impact can be reduced if bio-based materials are used instead of conventional ones, especially in semiarid climates. Condensation risk occurs for large thicknesses and in humid climates. In our case studies, hemp offered the most balanced solution.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to acknowledge financial support from the Spanish Government (CTQ2016-77968-C3-1-P, ENE2015-64117-C5-1-R, ENE2015-64117-C5-3-R, MINECO/FEDER, UE). The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme under grant agreement no. PIRSES-GA-2013-610692 (INNOSTORAGE). This project has received funding the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program under grant agreement No 657466 (INPATH-TES). This article has been possible with the support of the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO) and the Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV) (FJCI-2016-28789). Authors would like to acknowledge the Brazilian Government for their support by the CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development). M.P. would like to thank the Brazilian Education Ministry for the financial support received under the PNPD/Capes fellowship. L.F.C. would like to thank the Catalan Government for the quality accreditation given to her research group GREA (2014 SGR 123).
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofApplied Energy, 2018, vol. 224, p. 602-614
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2018
dc.subjectMulti-objective optimization
dc.subjectLife cycle assessment (LCA)
dc.subjectBio-based building materials
dc.subjectThermal insulation
dc.subjectCondensation risk
dc.subjectMoisture transfer
dc.titleMulti-objective optimisation of bio-based thermal insulation materials in building envelopes considering condensation risk

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cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2018
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2018