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dc.contributor.authorGasia, Jaume
dc.contributor.authorGracia Cuesta, Alvaro de
dc.contributor.authorPeiró Bell-lloch, Gerard
dc.contributor.authorArena, Simone
dc.contributor.authorCau, Giorgio
dc.contributor.authorCabeza, Luisa F.
dc.description.abstractA proper management of thermal energy storage (TES) charging and discharging processes allows the final users to optimize the performance of TES systems. In this paper, an experimental research is carried out to study how the percentage of charge in a latent heat TES system (partial load operating conditions) influences the discharge process. Several charging and discharging processes were performed at a constant heat transfer fluid (HTF) mass flow rate of 0.5 kg/s and temperature of 155 °C and 105 °C, respectively. High density polyethylene (HDPE) with a total mass of 99.5 kg was used as phase change material (PCM) in a 0.154m3 storage tank based on the shelland-tube heat exchanger concept. Five different percentages of charge have been studied: 58 %, 73 %, 83 %, 92 %, and 97 % (baseline test). Results showed that by modifying the percentage of charge, the time required for the charging process was reduced between 97.2% and 68.8% in comparison to the baseline case. However, the energy accumulated was only reduced a maximum of 35.1% and a minimum of 5.2%, while the heat transfer rates during the first 60 min of discharge were reduced a maximum of 45.8% and a minimum of 6%. Therefore, partially charging the TES system not lower than 85% of its maximum energy capacity becomes a good option if the final application accepts a maximum decrease of discharging heat transfer rates of 10% if compared to the fully charged system.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe work was partially funded by the Spanish government (ENE2015-64117-C5-1-R (MINECO/FEDER), ENE2015-64117-C5-3-R (MINECO/FEDER), and ULLE10-4E-1305). The authors would like to thank the Catalan Government for the quality accreditation given to their research group (2014 SGR 123). GREA is certified agent TECNIO in the category of technology developers from the Government of Catalonia. This project has received funding from the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013) under Grant agreement No. PIRSES-GA-2013-610692 (INNOSTORAGE) and from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 657466 (INPATH-TES). Jaume Gasia would like to thank the Departament d'Universitats, Recerca i Societat de la Informació de la Generalitat de Catalunya for his research fellowship (2017 FI_B1 00092). Alvaro de Gracia would like to thank Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad de España for Grant Juan de la Cierva, FJCI-2014-19940. Simone Arena would like to thank the Department of Mechanical, Chemical and Materials Engineering of the University of Cagliari for funding his research grant.
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofApplied Energy, 2018, vol. 216, p. 234-242
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2018
dc.subjectThermal energy storage
dc.subjectLatent heat
dc.subjectPhase change material
dc.subjectPartial load
dc.subjectThermal management
dc.titleUse of partial load operating conditions for latent thermal energy storage management

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cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2018
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2018