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dc.contributor.authorPascari, Xenia
dc.contributor.authorOrtiz-Solá, Jordi
dc.contributor.authorMarín Sillué, Sònia
dc.contributor.authorRamos Girona, Antonio J.
dc.contributor.authorSanchís Almenar, Vicente
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-16T09:56:59Z
dc.date.available2019-02-09T00:33:25Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn0023-6438
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/62666
dc.description.abstractA multianalyte method, using a MS/MS detector, was applied for a simultaneous determination of 23 mycotoxins in 64 beer products purchased from the supermarket in Lleida, Spain. The samples varied by their origin, brewing technology, alcohol content, etc. The results showed that 20.3% of the tested samples were mycotoxin contaminated overpassing the limit of detection (LOD). None of the alcohol-free samples (17%) were contaminated with mycotoxins. The most frequently occurring toxin was zearalenone (ZEN), being quantified in 65% of the positive samples, with levels ranging from 8.24 to 62.96 μg/L. Regarding the co-occurrence of mycotoxins, three samples were found to contain two or more mycotoxins simultaneously. A deterministic approach was used to evaluate the contribution of beer consumption to daily intake and the proportion of the established tolerable daily intake (TDI) for ZEN and deoxynivalenol (DON) and its metabolite deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside (DON-3-G).ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors are grateful to the University of Lleida (grant JADE Plus 218/2016), and to the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO, Project AGL2014-55379-P) for funding this work.ca_ES
dc.language.isoengca_ES
dc.publisherElsevierca_ES
dc.relationMINECO/PN2013-2016/AGL2014-55379-Pca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2018.02.021ca_ES
dc.relation.ispartofLwt-Food Science And Technology, 2018, vol. 92, p. 87-91ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2018ca_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectMycotoxinsca_ES
dc.subjectBeerca_ES
dc.subjectLC-MS/MSca_ES
dc.subjectTolerable daily intakeca_ES
dc.titleSurvey of mycotoxins in beer and exposure assessment through the consumption of commercially available beer in Lleida, Spainca_ES
dc.typearticleca_ES
dc.identifier.idgrec026695
dc.type.versionacceptedVersionca_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessca_ES
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2018.02.021


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cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2018
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2018