Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorD'Alessandro, Antonella
dc.contributor.authorPisello, Anna Laura
dc.contributor.authorFabiani, Claudia
dc.contributor.authorUbertini, Filippo
dc.contributor.authorCabeza, Luisa F.
dc.contributor.authorCotana, Franco
dc.description.abstractEnergy performance in buildings and integrated systems represents a key aspect influencing anthropogenic emissions worldwide. Therefore, novel multifunctional materials for improving envelope thermo-energy efficiency through passive techniques are presently attracting notable researchers' effort. In this view, the integration of phase change materials (PCMs) into structural concrete showed interesting effects in enhancing the material thermal capacity while keeping proper structural strength. This work presents a multiphysics thermomechanical investigation concerning innovative concretes incorporating paraffin-based PCM suitable for structural-thermal multifunctional applications in high-energy efficiency building envelopes. Both classic microPCM-capsules and the novel more pioneering macroPCM-capsules with 18 °C phase transition temperature are used for the new composite preparation. Results confirm the thermal benefits of PCM and demonstrate that the addition of PCM reduces the mass density of concrete by almost twice PCMs weight. Average compressive strength decreases with increasing the amount of PCM, but its coefficient of variation is not as negatively affected, which is promising in terms of structural reliability. Indeed, a 1% weight content of microPCM and macroPCM results in reduced coefficients of variation of the compressive strength, determining an increase in characteristic compressive strength. This benefit might be associated to both a filler effect of the PCM and to a positive thermal interaction between inclusions and cement hydration products. The multifunctional analysis showed promising performance of PCM-based macro-capsules as aggregates, even if their concentration is relatively minor than the classic micro-capsules already acknowledged as effective additives for high energy efficient cement-based materials.
dc.description.sponsorshipAcknowledgments are due to the “CIRIAF program for UNESCO” in the framework of the UNESCO Chair “Water Resources Management and Culture”. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement No. 657466 (INPATH-TES). The authors also thank the Microtek Laboratories, Inc. for providing the capsulated materials. The work is also partially funded by the Spanish Government (ENE2015-64117-C5-1-R). Prof. Luisa F. Cabeza would like to thank the Catalan Government for the quality accreditation given to her research group (2014 SGR 123).
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofApplied Energy, 2018, vol. 212, p. 1448-1461
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2018
dc.subjectPhase change materials
dc.subjectThermal-energy storage
dc.subjectCement-based composites
dc.subjectStructural concrete
dc.subjectSmart multifunctional materials
dc.subjectBuilding envelope
dc.titleMultifunctional smart concretes with novel phase change materials: Mechanical and thermo-energy investigation

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2018
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2018