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dc.contributor.authorCao, Ana
dc.contributor.authorSantiago, Rogelio
dc.contributor.authorRamos Girona, Antonio J.
dc.contributor.authorSouto, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorAguín, Olga
dc.contributor.authorMalvar, Rosa Ana
dc.contributor.authorBrutón, Ana
dc.description.abstractIn northwestern Spain, where weather is rainy and mild throughout the year, Fusarium verticillioides is the most prevalent fungus in kernels and a significant risk of fumonisin contamination has been exposed. In this study, detailed information about environmental and maize genotypic factors affecting F. verticillioides infection, fungal growth and fumonisin content in maize kernels was obtained in order to establish control points to reduce fumonisin contamination. Evaluations were conducted in a total of 36 environments and factorial regression analyses were performed to determine the contribution of each factor to variability among environments, genotypes, and genotype × environment interactions for F. verticillioides infection, fungal growth and fumonisin content. Flowering and kernel drying were the most critical periods throughout the growing season for F. verticillioides infection and fumonisin contamination. Around flowering, wetter and cooler conditions limited F. verticillioides infection and growth, and high temperatures increased fumonisin contents. During kernel drying, increased damaged kernels favored fungal growth, and higher ear damage by corn borers and hard rainfall favored fumonisin accumulation. Later planting dates and especially earlier harvest dates reduced the risk of fumonisin contamination, possibly due to reduced incidence of insects and accumulation of rainfall during the kernel drying period. The use of maize varieties resistant to Sitotroga cerealella, with good husk coverage and non-excessive pericarp thickness could also be useful to reduce fumonisin contamination of maize kernels.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by the National Plan for Research and Development of Spain (AGL2009-12770), the Autonomous Government of Galicia (PGIDIT06TAL40301PR) and the “Deputación de Pontevedra”. A. Cao acknowledges funding from the JAE Program of the Spanish Council of Research. R. Santiago acknowledges the postdoctoral contract “Isidro Parga Pondal” supported by the Autonomous Government of Galicia and the European Social Fund.ca_ES
dc.publisherElsevier B.V.ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 177, p. 63-71ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier B.V., 2014ca_ES
dc.subjectFusarium verticillioidesca_ES
dc.subject.otherBlat de moro--Malalties i plaguesca_ES
dc.titleCritical environmental and genotypic factors for Fusarium verticillioides infection, fungal growth and fumonisin contamination in maize grown in northwestern Spainca_ES

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cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier B.V., 2014
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier B.V., 2014