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dc.contributor.authorTorrents Martín, Carlota
dc.contributor.authorRic Diez, Ángel
dc.contributor.authorHristovski, Robert
dc.contributor.authorTorres-Ronda, Lorena
dc.contributor.authorVicente Vives, Emili
dc.contributor.authorSampaio, Jaime
dc.description.abstractThe effects that different constraints have on the exploratory behavior, measured by the variety and quantity of different responses within a game situation, is of the utmost importance for successful performance in team sports. The aim of this study was to determine how the number of teammates and opponents affects the exploratory behavior of both professional and amateur players in small-sided soccer games. Twenty-two professional (age 25.6 ± 4.9 years) and 22 amateur (age 23.1 ± 0.7 years) male soccer players played three small-sided game formats (4 vs. 3, 4 vs. 5, and 4 vs. 7). These trials were video-recorded and a systematic observation instrument was used to notate the actions, which were subsequently analyzed by means of a principal component analysis and the dynamic overlap order parameter (measure to identify the rate and breadth of exploratory behavior on different time scales). Results revealed that a higher the number of opponents required for more frequent ball controls. Moreover, with a higher number of teammates, there were more defensive actions focused on protecting the goal, with more players balancing. In relation to attack, an increase in the number of opponents produced a decrease in passing, driving and controlling actions, while an increase in the number of teammates led to more time being spent in attacking situations. A numerical advantage led to less exploratory behavior, an effect that was especially clear when playing within a team of seven players against four opponents. All teams showed strong effects of the number of teammates on the exploratory behavior when comparing 5 vs 7 or 3 vs 7 teammates. These results seem to be independent of the players' level.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipWe would like to thank the players who volunteered to participate in this study. We gratefully acknowledge the support of the Generalitat de Catalunya government project Grup de recerca en Sistemes Complexos i Esport (2014 SGR 975) and Project Symbiotic technology for societal efficiency gains: Deus ex Machina (DEM), NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000026, co-financed by Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional (FEDER) by NORTE 2020.
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS ONE, 2016, vol. 11, núm. 12, e0168866ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by (c) Carlota Torrents et al., 2016ca_ES
dc.subject.otherEsports d'equipca_ES
dc.titleEmergence of exploratory, technical and tactical behavior in small-sided soccer games when manipulating the number of teammates and opponentsca_ES

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cc-by (c) Carlota Torrents et al., 2016
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by (c) Carlota Torrents et al., 2016