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dc.contributor.authorGutiérrez, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorUshak, Svetlana
dc.contributor.authorMamani, Veronica
dc.contributor.authorVargas, Pedro
dc.contributor.authorBarreneche Güerisoli, Camila
dc.contributor.authorCabeza, Luisa F.
dc.contributor.authorGrágeda, Mario
dc.description.abstractThermal energy storage (TES) is seen today as a key technology to reduce the existing gap between energy demand and energy supply in many energy systems. There are, currently, three well known methods to store thermal energy and they are: sensible heat storage (SHS), latent heat storage (LHT) and thermochemical heat storage. Every method has its own thermophysical requirements for the mediums of storage, such as thermal stability, high enthalpy of phase change or reaction, high heat capacity and suitable temperature of the thermal phenomenon for a respective application, among others. In this regard, the composition of materials usually needs to be modified in order to improve their performance or to reach a determined requirement. As a consequence, the costs of potential TES materials to be applied in renewable energy systems are too high to compete with traditional systems using fossil fuels. On the other hand, several wastes and by-products from the nonmetallic mining, such as salt hydrates and double salts, are available without any application but accumulating in the mining sites. This is the case for astrakanite (Na2SO4·MgSO4·4H2O) and lithium carnallite (LiCl·MgCl2·7H2O) with no current application, and potassium carnallite (KCl·MgCl2·6H2O) used as a supplementary raw material to obtain KCl. Since the costs of these materials are close to zero, they were characterized as TES materials taking into account the properties required for the three methods of storage. Results showed that astrakanite and potassium carnallite have potential to be applied as thermochemical material at lowmedium temperature (< 300 °C). Also, a dehydrated product obtained from astrakanite showed potential to be applied as phase change material (PCM) at high temperature, from 550 °C to 750 °C. Nevertheless, lithium carnallite did not show potential to be applied as TES material due to it low thermal stability, presenting partial decomposition below 200 °C.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe work at the University of Antofagasta was supported by CONICYT/FONDAP N° 15110019, FONDECYT N°1170675 and partially, by ERANet-LAC 2nd Joint Call, ERANET-LAC 2015–2016, project ELAC2015/T06-0988. Veronica Mamani Barreneche would like to thank CONICYT for her doctorate scholarship CONICYT N° 21150145. The authors from the University of Lleida and the University of Barcelona would like to thank the Catalan Government for the quality accreditation given to their research group GREA (2014 SGR 123) and DIOPMA (2014 SGR 1543), respectively. The work was partially funded by the Spanish Government (ENE2015-64117-C5-1-R (MINECO/FEDER)). This work has received funding from the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007–2013) under Grant agreement N°PIRSES-GA-2013-610692 (INNOSTORAGE) and from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 657466 (INPATH-TES). Dr. Camila Barreneche would like to thank Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad de España for grant Juan de la Cierva, FJCI-2014-22886.
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2017, vol. 170, p. 149-159
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2017
dc.subjectThermal energy storage
dc.subjectSalt hydrates
dc.subjectWaste materials
dc.subjectDouble salts
dc.titleCharacterization of wastes based on inorganic double salt hydrates as potential thermal energy storage materials

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cc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier, 2017
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