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dc.contributor.authorTorra Farré, Joel
dc.contributor.authorAtanackovic, Valentina
dc.contributor.authorBlanco Moreno, J.
dc.contributor.authorRoyo-Esnal, Aritz
dc.contributor.authorWesterman, Paula Renate
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-05T10:22:29Z
dc.date.available2017-06-05T10:22:29Z
dc.date.issued2016-02
dc.identifier.issn0043-1737
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/59792
dc.description.abstractThe harvester ant Messor barbarus can be responsible for high weed seed losses in dryland cereals in Spain. Because weeds occur in patches, harvester ants have to be able to find and exploit patches. However, seed patches can differ in size and may, therefore, differ in the probability of being discovered and exploited. Here, 90 patches varying in size from 0.25 to 9 m2 were created in three 50 x 50 m subareas in a cereal field. Oat seeds were sown, as weed seed surrogates, in the patches at 2000 seeds m-2. After 24 h, those remaining were collected and the exploitation rate (the percentage of seeds removed per patch discovered by ants) was estimated. Harvester ant nests and the location of the seed patches were georeferenced and used to estimate distances between them. The patch encounter rate (the proportion of patches discovered by the ants) decreased slightly, but significantly, with decreasing patch size, though not the exploitation rate, which was lowest in the smallest patches (78-94%) and highest in the largest (99-100%). Seed patches that were not found or partially exploited were mostly located in subareas with a lower ant nest density or a longer distance away from the nearest nest than seed patches that were fully exploited. The results of this study indicate that the interaction between the spatial distribution of ant nests and the patchy distribution of seeds can create opportunities for seeds to be subjected to lower levels of predation.
dc.description.sponsorshipValentina Atanackovic and Joel Torra contributed equally to the work described in this paper and should be considered joint first authors. We wish to thank Barbara Baraibar, Nuria Moix and Jordi Recasens. We also thank Xavier Llobet for allowing us to use his cereal field and for his patience and hospitality. We wish to thank Universitat de Lleida for providing a PhD grant to V. Atanackovic, and Ministry of Education and Science of Spain for funding (projects AGL 2007-60828 and AGL 2010-22084-C02-01).
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherEuropean Weed Research Society
dc.relationMIECI/PN2004-2007/AGL2007-60828
dc.relationMCIN/PN2008-2011/AGL2010-22084-C02-01
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12179
dc.relation.ispartofWeed Research, 2016, vol. 56, núm. 1, p. 14-21
dc.rights(c) European Weed Research Society, 2015
dc.subjectPatch encounter
dc.subjectPatch exploitation
dc.subjectSeed predation
dc.subjectSpatial distribution
dc.titleEffect of patch size on seed removal by harvester ants
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated2017-06-05T10:22:30Z
dc.identifier.idgrec023233
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12179


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