Development of PMA real-time PCR method to quantify viable cells of Pantoea agglomerans CPA-2, an antagonist to control the major postharvest diseases on oranges
Soto Muñoz, Lourdes
Crespo Sempere, Ana
Torres Sanchis, Rosario
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Dilution plating is the quantification method commonly used to estimate the population level of postharvest biocontrol agents, but this method does not permit a distinction among introduced and indigenous strains. Recently, molecular techniques based on DNA amplification such as quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) have been successfully applied for their high strain-specific detection level. However, the ability of qPCR to distinguish viable and nonviable cells is limited. A promising strategy to avoid this issue relies on the use of nucleic acid intercalating dyes, such as propidium monoazide (PMA), as a sample pretreatment prior to the qPCR. The objective of this study was to optimize a protocol based on PMA pre-treatment samples combined with qPCR to distinguish and quantify viable cells of the biocontrol agent P. agglomerans CPA-2 applied as a postharvest treatment on orange. The efficiency of PMA-qPCR method under the established conditions (30μM PMA for 20min of incubation followed by 30min of LED light exposure) was evaluated on an orange matrix. Results showed no difference in CFU or cells counts of viable cells between PMA-qPCR and dilution plating. Samples of orange matrix inoculated with a mixture of viable/dead cells showed 5.59log10 CFU/ml by dilution plating, 8.25log10 cells/ml by qPCR, and 5.93log10 cells/ml by PMA-qPCR. Furthermore, samples inoculated with heat-killed cells were not detected by dilution plating and PMA-qPCR, while by qPCR was of 8.16log10 cells/ml. The difference in quantification cycles (Cq) among qPCR and PMA-qPCR was approximately 16cycles, which means a reduction of 65,536 fold of the dead cells detected. In conclusion, PMA-qPCR method is a suitable tool for quantify viable CPA-2 cells, which could be useful to estimate the ability of this antagonist to colonize the orange surface.
Is part ofInternational Journal of Food Microbiology, 2014, vol. 180, p. 49-55
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Molecular tools applied to identify and quantify the biocontrol agent Pantoea agglomerans CPA-2 in postharvest treatments on oranges Soto Muñoz, Lourdes; Teixidó i Espasa, Neus; Usall i Rodié, Josep; Viñas Almenar, Inmaculada; Abadias i Sero, Mª Isabel; Torres Sanchis, Rosario (Elsevier B.V., 2015)Pantoea agglomerans strain CPA-2 is an effective biocontrol agent (BCA) for postharvest diseases of citrus and pome fruit. To implement their use as a control strategy is necessary to study the traceability of BCAs in the ...
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Environmental monitoring of the biocontrol agent Pantoea agglomerans CPA-2 applied to citrus fruit at preharvest Soto Muñoz, Lourdes; Torres Sanchis, Rosario; Usall i Rodié, Josep; Viñas Almenar, Inmaculada; Dashevskaya, Svetlana; Teixidó i Espasa, Neus (Association of Applied Biologists, 2015)The aim of this study was to evaluate the environmental fate and behaviour of the biocontrol product based on Pantoea agglomerans CPA-2 cells after its release into the field. Three different methods, dilution plating, ...