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dc.contributor.authorDi Matteo, Giovanni
dc.contributor.authorVoltas Velasco, Jordi
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-29T09:32:20Z
dc.date.available2017-03-29T09:32:20Z
dc.date.issued2016-10-01
dc.identifier.issn0015-749X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/59406
dc.description.abstractMaritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) is currently threatened by the scale insect Matsucoccus feytaudi Duc., which feeds exclusively on this species. Some P. pinaster provenances from the western Mediterranean are known to be resistant to M. feytaudi. The primary resistance mechanism is the existence of anatomical defenses (i.e., resin ducts), but the production of these defenses may come at the cost of resource allocation trade-offs with other functions, including growth. We analyzed a multienvironment trial in central Italy including eight representative provenances of P. pinaster. Trees at one trial were severely attacked by M. feytaudi, whereas those at three trials remained insect-free at tree age 20. Genotype × environment interactions for growth and mortality were analyzed using the additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) model. Strong correlations were found between AMMI genotypic scores for tree height and diameter and M. feytaudi nymph density at the infested trial site. In particular, provenances exhibiting specific adaptation to near-optimal conditions showed high susceptibility to the insect; conversely, those origins better adapted to poorer conditions were much less affected by the outbreak. This study demonstrates that a potentially adaptive divergence in aboveground growth among P. pinaster provenances is related to resistance to the insect M. feytaudi.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe author wishes to thank G. Papitto, B. Cavalcaselle (ex-CSAF), F. Righi, L. Ricciotti and E. Fusaro (CREA-PLF) for their contribution in gathering data and their critical revision of the manuscript. We also acknowledge the municipalities of Bordighera, Domusnovas, Vallermosa, the National Forestry Service (CFS) of Imperia and the Regional Forest Services of Sardinia for their significant operative support. GDM receives funds from ERANET FORESTERRA project “Enhancing Forest RESearch in the MediTERRAnean through an improved coordination and integration” (grant number: 291832). JV wishes to thank the support of the Spanish projects FENOPIN (AGL2012-40151-C03-03) and FUTURPIN (AGL2015-68274-C3-3-R). The manuscript benefited from invaluable inputs from R. Zas and L. Sampedro (MBG-CSIC). We are also grateful to three anonymous reviewers for their useful comments and insightful criticism
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSociety of American Foresters
dc.relationMICINN/PN2008-2011/AGL2012-40151-C03-03
dc.relationMINECO/PN2013-2016/AGL2015-68274-C3-3-R
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.5849/forsci.15-109
dc.relation.ispartofForest Science, 2016, vol. 62, núm. 5, p. 553-563
dc.rights(c) Society of American Foresters, 2016
dc.subjectmaritime pine
dc.subjectgrowth-defense trade-offss
dc.subjectgenetic constraints
dc.subjectG×E interaction
dc.titleMultienvironment evaluation of Pinus pinaster provenances: evidence of genetic trade-Offs between adaptation to optimal conditions and resistance to the maritime pine bast scale (Matsucoccus feytaudi)
dc.title.alternativePinus pinaster resistance to Matsucoccus feytaudi
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated2017-03-29T09:32:21Z
dc.identifier.idgrec024953
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.5849/forsci.15-109


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