Intraspecific variation in juvenile tree growth under elevated CO2 alone and with O3: a meta-analysis
Mereed, Tessema E.
Tissue, David T.
MetadataShow full item record
Atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are expected to increase throughout this century, potentially fostering tree growth. A wealth of studies have examined the variation in CO2 responses across tree species, but the extent of intraspecific variation in response to elevated CO2 (eCO2) has,
so far, been examined in individual studies and syntheses of published work are currently lacking. We conducted a meta-analysis on the effects of eCO2 on tree growth (height, stem biomass and stem volume) and photosynthesis across genotypes to examine whether there is genetic variation in growth responses to eCO2 and to understand their dependence on photosynthesis. We additionally examined the interaction between the responses to eCO2 and ozone (O3), another global change agent. Most of the published studies so far have been conducted in juveniles and in Populus spp., although the patterns observed were not species dependent. All but one study reported significant genetic variation in stem biomass, and the magnitude of intraspecific variation in response to eCO2 was similar in magnitude to previous analyses on interspecific variation. Growth at eCO2 was predictable from growth at ambient CO2 (R2 = 0.60), and relative rankings of genotype performance were preserved across CO2 levels, indicating no significant interaction between genotypic and environmental effects. The growth response to eCO2 was not correlated with the response of photosynthesis (P > 0.1), and while we observed 57.7% average increases in leaf photosynthesis, stem biomass and volume increased by 36 and 38.5%, respectively, and height only increased by 9.5%, suggesting a predominant role for carbon allocation in ultimately driving the response to eCO2. Finally, best-performing genotypes under eCO2 also responded better under eCO2 and elevated O3. Further research needs include widening the study of intraspecific variation beyond the genus Populus and examining the interaction between eCO2 and other environmental stressors. We conclude that significant potential to foster CO2-induced productivity gains through tree breeding exists, that these programs could be based upon best-performing genotypes under ambient conditions and that they would benefit from an increased understanding on the controls of allocation.
Is part ofTree Physiology, 2016, vol. 36, núm. 6, p. 682-693
European research projects
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Intra-specific association between carbon isotope composition and productivity in woody plants: A meta-analysis Fardusi, Most Jannatul; Ferrio Díaz, Juan Pedro; Comas Rodríguez, Carles; Voltas Velasco, Jordi; Resco de Dios, Víctor; Serrano Endolz, Luis (Elsevier, 2016)The study of intra-specific variations in growth and plant physiological response to drought is crucial to understand the potential for plant adaptation to global change. Carbon isotope composition (δ13C) in plant tissues ...
Circadian rhythms have significant effects on leaf-to-canopy scale gas exchange under field conditions Resco de Dios, Víctor; Gessler, Arthur; Ferrio Díaz, Juan Pedro; Alday, Josu G.; Bahn, Michael; Castillo Díaz, Jorge del; Devidal, Sébastien; García Muñoz, Sonia; Kayler, Zachary; Landais, Damien; Martín Gómez, Paula; Milcu, Alexandru; Piel, Clément; Pirhofer Walzl, Karin; Ravel, Olivier; Salekin, Serajis; Tissue, David T.; Tjoelker, Mark G.; Voltas Velasco, Jordi; Roy, Jacques (BioMed Central, 2016)Molecular clocks drive oscillations in leaf photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, and other cell and leaf-level processes over ~24 h under controlled laboratory conditions. The influence of such circadian regulation over ...
Circadian rhythms regulate the environmental responses of net CO2 exchange in bean and cotton canopies Resco de Dios, Víctor; Gessler, Arthur; Ferrio Díaz, Juan Pedro; Alday, Josu G.; Bahn, Michael; Del Castillo, Jorge; Devidal, Sébastien; García-Muñoz, Sonia; Kayler, Zachary; Landais, Damien; Martín Gómez, Paula; Milcu, Alexandru; Piel, Clément; Pirhofer Walzl, Karin; Ravel, Olivier; Salekin, Serajis; Tissue, David T.; Tjoelker, Mark G.; Voltas Velasco, Jordi; Roy, Jacques (Elsevier, 2017)Studies on the dependence of the rates of ecosystem gas exchange on environmental parameters often rely on the up-scaling of leaf-level response curves ('bottom-up' approach), and/or the down-scaling of ecosystem fluxes ...