2-phenylethynesulphonamide (PFT-μ) enhances the anticancer effect of the novel hsp90 inhibitor NVP-AUY922 in melanoma, by reducing GSH levels
Veà Jódar, Àlvar
Santacana Espasa, Maria
Valls Marsal, Joan
Dolcet Roca, Xavier
Marti, Rosa M.
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Heat shock proteins (HSPs), are molecular chaperones that assist the proper folding of nascent proteins. This study aims to evaluate the antitumour effects of the hsp90 inhibitor NVP-AUY922 in melanoma, both in vitro and in vivo. Our results show that NVP-AUY922 inhibits melanoma cell growth in vitro,
with down regulation of multiple signalling pathways involved in melanoma progression such as NF-KB and MAPK/ERK. However, NVP-AUY922 was unable to limit tumour growth in vivo. Cotreatment of A375M xenografts with NVP-AUY922 and PFT-l, a dual inhibitor of both hsp70 and autophagy, induced a synergistic increase of cell death in vitro, and delayed tumour formation in A375M xenografts. PFT-l depleted cells from the reduced form of glutathione (GSH) and increased oxidative stress. The oxidative stress induced by PFT-l further enhanced NVP-AUY922-induced cytotoxic effects. These data suggest a potential therapeutic role for NVP-AUY922 used in combination with PFT-l, in melanoma.