Transdisciplinary weed research: new leverage on challenging weed problems?
Barney, J. N.
Childs, D. Z.
Cousens, R. D.
Davis, A. S.
Ervin, D. E.
Fernandez Quintanilla, C.
Harrison, L. J.
Harsch, M. A.
Mirsky, S. B.
Peltzer, D. A.
MetadataShow full item record
Transdisciplinary weed research (TWR) is a promising path to more effective management of challenging weed problems. We define TWR as an integrated process of inquiry and action that addresses complex weed problems in the context of broader efforts to improve economic, environmental and social aspects of ecosystem sustainability. TWR seeks to integrate scholarly and practical knowledge across many stakeholder groups (e.g. scientists, private sector, farmers and extension officers) and levels (e.g. local, regional and landscape). Furthermore, TWR features democratic and iterative processes of decision-making and collective action that aims to align the interests, viewpoints and agendas of a wide range of stakeholders. The fundamental rationale for TWR is that many challenging weed problems (e.g. herbicide resistance or extensive plant invasions in natural areas) are better addressed systemically, as a part of broad-based efforts to advance ecosystem sustainability, rather than as isolated problems. Addressing challenging weed problems systemically can offer important new leverage on such problems, by creating new opportunities to manage their root causes and by improving complementarity between weed management and other activities. While promising, this approach is complicated by the multidimensional, multilevel, diversely defined and unpredictable nature of ecosystem sustainability. In practice, TWR can be undertaken as a cyclic process of (i) initial problem formulation, (ii) ‘broadening’ of the problem formulation and recruitment of stakeholder participants, (iii) deliberation, negotiation and design of an action agenda for systemic change, (iv) implementation action, (v) monitoring and assessment of outcomes and (vi) reformulation of the problem situation and renegotiation of further actions. Notably, ‘purposive’ disciplines (design, humanities and arts) have central, critical and recurrent roles in this process, as do integrative analyses of relevant multidimensional and multilevel factors, via multiple natural and social science disciplines. We exemplify this process in prospect and retrospect. Importantly TWR is not a replacement for current weed research; rather, the intent is to powerfully leverage current efforts.
Is part ofWeed Research, 2016, vol. 56, núm. 5, p. 345-358
European research projects
The following license files are associated with this item:
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd (c) Jordan, N. et al., 2016
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Neve, P.; Barney, J. N.; Buckley, Y.; Cousens, R. D.; Graham, S.; Jordan, N. R.; Lawton-Rauh, A.; Liebman, M.; Mesgaran, M. B.; Schut, M.; Shaw, J.; Storkey, J.; Baraibar Padró, Bàrbara; Baucom, R. S.; Chalak, M.; Childs, D. Z.; Christensen, S.; Eizenberg, H.; Fernandez Quintanilla, C.; French, K.; Marsch, M.; Heijting, S.; Harrison, L.; Loddo, D.; Macel, M.; Maczey, N.; Merotto, A.; Mortensen, D.; Necajeva, J.; Peltzer, D. A.; Recasens i Guinjuan, Jordi; Renton, M.; Riemens, M.; Sonderskov, M.; Williams, M. (Wiley, 2018)Weedy plants pose a major threat to food security, biodiversity, ecosystem services and consequently to human health and wellbeing. However, many currently used weed management approaches are increasingly unsustainable. ...
Effects of crop and weed densities on the interactions between barley and Lolium rigidum in several Mediterranean locations Izquierdo i Figarola, Jordi; Recasens i Guinjuan, Jordi; Fernández-Quintanilla, César; Gill, Gurjeet (Institut national de la recherche agronomique (França)EDP Sciences, 2003)The effects of both barley and Lolium rigidum densities on weed growth and spike production and on crop yield were examined in five field experiments carried out in the Mediterranean drylands of Spain and Western Australia. ...
Comas Rodríguez, Carles; Royo-Esnal, Aritz; Recasens i Guinjuan, Jordi; Torra Farré, Joel (Springer Verlag, 2016)The interaction between the spatial distribution of weed richness and weed cover and the spatial location of harvester ant nets was investigated in cereal fields. The understanding of such interdependencies can be relevant ...