Grazing as a factor structuring grasslands in the Pyrenees
MetadataShow full item record
Questions: What are the relative roles of abiotic and grazing management factors on plant community distribution in landscapes? How are livestock type and stocking rate related to changes in vegetation structure and composition? Location: Sub-alpine grasslands in the central and eastern Pyrenees. Methods: Multivariate analysis and variance partitioning methods were used to evaluate the relative roles of environmental factors in structuring vegetation composition and diversity patterns in three surveys on differently managed grasslands. Results: Vegetation composition within a region was affected by environmental factors hierarchically, changing first according to abiotic factors and then to grazing management. At landscape scales, abiotic factors explained two-fold more variation in vegetation composition than grazing factors. Within landscape units, cattle grazing increased vegetation heterogeneity at landscape and patch scales, while sheep grazing favoured the presence of a specific set of species with high conservation value. Species composition was highly responsive to management variables compared to diversity components. Conclusions: The combination of sheep and cattle grazing at various stocking rates is an effective tool to preserve the diversity of plant species and communities within a region with a long tradition of livestock management, through the scaling up of effects by local processes occurring in patches at smaller scales.
Is part ofApplied Vegetation Science, 2008, vol. 11, núm. 2, p. 215-222
European research projects
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sebastià, Ma. T.; Palero, Noemí; Bello, Francesco de (Springer, 2011)Management affects ecosystem structure in many ways. Structural changes in ecosystems, including shifts in vegetation composition and species diversity, will affect the goods and services provided at ecosystem and regional ...
Partitioning of functional diversity reveals the scale and extent of trait convergence and divergence de Bello, Francesco; Wilfried, Thuiller; Jan, Leps; Choler, Philippe; Clément, Jean-Christophe; Macek, Petr; Lavorel, Sandra; Sebastià, Ma. T. (Wiley, 2009)Questions: Trait differentiation among species occurs at different spatial scales within a region. How does the partitioning of functional diversity help to identify different community assembly mechanisms? Location: ...
Functional Trait Changes, Productivity Shifts and Vegetation Stability in Mountain Grasslands during a Short-Term Warming Debouk, Haifa; de Bello, Francesco; Sebastià, Ma. T. (Public Library of Science, 2015-10-29)Plant functional traits underlie vegetation responses to environmental changes such as global warming, and consequently influence ecosystem processes. While most of the existing studies focus on the effect of warming only ...