Relationships between big five personality factors and values
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An analysis of principal components showed a robust structure of three factors formed by 25 of the 30 values studied. These factors were called Social Power, Order and Benevolence values. Those factors match with some of Schwartz’s (1992) types of values. Sex differences and correlations between traits and values replicate other authors’ findings. Path analysis results, performed separately for females and males, yielded a better fit for the female than for the male group. However, although there were no substantial differences with regard to the prediction of Surgency, Conscientiousness, Unfriendliness and Neuroticism, Order values (order, neatness, responsibility) for males and Social Power values (power, prestige, fame) for females predicted the Intellect trait. This pattern of results is discussed in relation to changes in gender roles.