Equisetum arvense hydro-alcoholic extract: phenolic composition and antifungal and antimycotoxigenic effect against Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium verticillioides in stored maize
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Maize is a very important cereal for human and animal diet, but it can be contaminated by moulds and their mycotoxins. On the other hand, natural plant products with antimicrobial properties could possibly used to control mycotoxigenic fungi in foods and feeds. In this study, Equisetum arvense extract was tested for the efficacy on Aspergillus section Flavi and Fusarium section Liseola growth. Natural contaminated maize was used in this study and extract was added under different water activities (aw) – 0.90 and 0.95 – for Aspergillus section Flavi and Fusarium section Liseola, respectively. Moulds were inoculated in maize and incubated during 30 days.