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dc.contributor.authorSanahuja Solsona, Georgina
dc.contributor.authorFarré Martinez, Gemma
dc.contributor.authorBerman Quintana, Judit
dc.contributor.authorZorrilla López, Uxue
dc.contributor.authorTwyman, Richard M.
dc.contributor.authorCapell Capell, Teresa
dc.contributor.authorChristou, Paul
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Changfu
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-09T12:06:52Z
dc.date.available2016-11-09T12:06:52Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.issn0954-4224
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/58443
dc.description.abstractThe biofortification of staple crops with vitamins is an attractive strategy to increase the nutritional quality of human food, particularly in areas where the population subsists on a cereal-based diet. Unlike other approaches, biofortification is sustainable and does not require anything more than a standard food-distribution infrastructure. The health-promoting effects of vitamins depend on overall intake and bioavailability, the latter influenced by food processing, absorption efficiency and the utilisation or retention of the vitamin in the body. The bioavailability of vitamins in nutritionally enriched foods should ideally be adjusted to achieve the dietary reference intake in a reasonable portion. Current vitamin biofortification programmes focus on the fat-soluble vitamins A and E, and the water-soluble vitamins C and B9 (folate), but the control of dosage and bioavailability has been largely overlooked. In the present review, we discuss the vitamin content of nutritionally enhanced foods developed by conventional breeding and genetic engineering, focusing on dosage and bioavailability. Although the biofortification of staple crops could potentially address micronutrient deficiency on a global scale, further research is required to develop effective strategies that match the bioavailability of vitamins to the requirements of the human diet.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipResearch at the Universitat de Lleida is supported by MICINN (Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion), Spain (BIO2011-23324; BIO02011-22525; PIM2010PKB-00746); European Union Framework 7 Program-SmartCell Integrated Project 222716; European Union Framework 7 European Research Council IDEAS Advanced Grant (toP.C.)Program-BIOFORCE;COSTActionFA0804:Molecular farming: plants as a production platform for high value proteins; Centre CONSOLIDER on Agrigenomics funded by MICINN, Spain and RecerCaixa.ca_ES
dc.language.isoengca_ES
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressca_ES
dc.relationMICINN/PN2008-2011/BIO2011-23324ca_ES
dc.relationMICINN/PN2008-2011/BIO2011-22525ca_ES
dc.relationMICINN/PN2008-2011/PIM2010PKB-00746ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954422413000176ca_ES
dc.relation.ispartofNutrition Research Reviews, 2013, vol. 26, núm. 2, p. 235-245ca_ES
dc.rights(c) Sanahuja et al., 2013ca_ES
dc.subjectBiofortificationca_ES
dc.subjectStaple cropsca_ES
dc.subjectVitaminsca_ES
dc.subjectDietary reference intakeca_ES
dc.titleA question of balance: achieving appropriate nutrient levels in biofortified staple cropsca_ES
dc.typearticleca_ES
dc.identifier.idgrec021071
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionca_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessca_ES
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1017/S0954422413000176
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/222716ca_ES


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