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dc.contributor.authorPrieto, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorMiró, Laia
dc.contributor.authorPeiró Bell-lloch, Gerard
dc.contributor.authorOró Prim, Eduard
dc.contributor.authorGil, Antoni
dc.contributor.authorCabeza, Luisa F.
dc.description.abstractSolar power plants have been deployed in the last 20 years, so the interest in evaluating their performance is growing more and more. In these facilities, thermal energy storage is used to increase dispatchability of power. The two-tank molten salts storage system with “solar salt” (60 wt.% NaNO3 and 40 wt.% KNO3) is the one commercially used today. To be able to achieve a deep understanding of the two-tank solar storage systems with molten salts, in 2008 a pilot plant was built at the University of Lleida (Spain) and the experimental evaluation of the temperature distribution inside the tanks and their heat losses are presented in this paper. Therefore, this pilot plant is equipped with several temperature sensors inside the tank as well as in the different layers of external insulation. As expected, temperature is lower at the external part of the tank (near the cover, at the bottom and near the walls) and no stratification is seen. It is found that the influencing parameters in the temperature distribution of the salts inside the tank are: insulation, and the existence of different electrical resistances and the orientation and surroundings of the tank. Heat losses were measured and compared both with a simulated 1-D steady state model and previous literature. Measured heat losses were from 61 W/m2 through the bottom to 80 W/m2 through the walls (with 73 W/m2 through the cover).ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research leading to these results has received funding from Spanish goverment (Fondo tecnológico IDI-20090393, ConSOLida CENIT 2008-1005) and from Abengoa Solar NT. The work is partially funded by the Spanish government (ENE2008-06687-C02-01/CON, ENE2011-22722, ENE2015-64117-C5-1-R, and ULLE10-4E-1305). The authors would like to thank the Catalan Government for the quality accreditation given to their research group GREA (2014 SGR 123). This project has received funding from the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013) under Grant agreement N° PIRSES-GA-2013-610692 (INNOSTORAGE) and from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 657466 (INPATH-TES). Laia Miró would like to thank the Spanish Government for her research fellowship (BES-2012-051861).ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofSolar Energy, 2016, vol. 135, p. 518-526ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2016ca_ES
dc.subjectTemperature distributionca_ES
dc.subjectHigh temperatureca_ES
dc.subjectMolten saltsca_ES
dc.titleTemperature distribution and heat losses in molten salts tanks for CSP plantsca_ES

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cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2016
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2016