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dc.contributor.authorIzquierdo Barrientos, M. A.
dc.contributor.authorSobrino, C.
dc.contributor.authorAlmendros Ibáñez, J. A.
dc.contributor.authorBarreneche Güerisoli, Camila
dc.contributor.authorEllis, N.
dc.contributor.authorCabeza, Luisa F.
dc.description.abstractThis work investigates commercially available granular phase change materials (PCMs) with different transition temperatures for the use of thermal-energy storage systems in fluidized beds. The hydrodynamic characteristics of granular PCMs were tested in cylindrical-3D and planar-2D fluidized beds. The density, particle size distribution and angle of repose were measured for various PCM materials. Further attrition studies were conducted with changes in particle surface from abrasion, which were characterized using a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The results indicate that some materials with smaller particle size and thinner supporting structure can lose the paraffin during the fluidization process, when paraffin is in a liquid state. As a consequence, the particles agglomerate, and the bed defluidizes. For all of the tested materials, only GR50 (with a transition temperature of 50 °C) properly fluidizes when the paraffin is in the liquid state and has shown to endure >75 h of continuous operation and 15 melting-solidification cycles in a fluidized bed. Additional differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements of the cycled particles did not show a decrease in energy storage capacity of the granular PCM, which corroborates that there is no loss of material after >75 h of fluidization.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe work is partially funded by the Spanish government (ENE2010-15403, ENE2011-22722 and ENE2015-64117-C5-1). The authors would like to thank the Catalan Government for the quality accreditation to their research groups GREA (2014 SGR 123). The study that led to these results has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n°n°PIRSES-GA-2013-610692 (INNOSTORAGE) and from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 657466 (INPATH-TES).ca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofApplied Energy, 2016, vol. 181, p. 310-321ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2016ca_ES
dc.subjectThermal energy storageca_ES
dc.subjectFluidized bedsca_ES
dc.subjectAngle of reposeca_ES
dc.titleCharacterization of granular phase change materials for thermal energy storage applications in fluidized bedsca_ES

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cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2016
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