Heat and mass transfer during adsorption of ammonia in a cylindrical adsorbent bed: thermal performance study of a combined parabolic solar collector, water heat pipe and adsorber generator assembly
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In this paper we present the study of adsorption refrigerator which use an activated carbon-pair ammonia. The ability of activated carbons to adsorb large mass of ammonia makes them ideal for use in adsorption refrigeration and pump systems. These systems have not reasonable efficiency. In order to make these systems economically viable, their size must be reduced. This implies a need for a rapid heating and cooling the adsorbent/refrigerant pair. However, the main problems to be overcome is related to the poor heat transfer in the adsorbent bed. So, it is necessary to study and understand the heat and mass transfer within the bed and to improve it. A detailed model of heat and mass transfer into the generator has been developed. For a given heat flux, temperature and adsorbed mass have been computed in every point at each step time along the adsorbed bed (generator). Experimental installation simulating an adsorption machine working within a temperature ranging from 20 to 250 C and pressure ranging from 0 to 2.5 · 106 Pa, allows for identification of the generator’s equivalent thermal conductivity and internal heat transfer coefficient. These two parameters are then used to simulate thermal performance of a design whose features include the insertion of stainless steel water heat pipe (HP’s) condensers into the generator. The HP’s evaporator heat input is of solar origin using a compound parabolic collector (CPC). Nominal Solar coefficient of performance, COPs ¼14.37% obtained through both Adimensional Exergy Loss (AEL), and COP study, shows the competitiveness of the proposed design.