An image processing method for in-line nectarine variety verification based on the comparison of skin feature histogram vectors
Teixidó Cairol, Mercè
Moreno Blanc, Javier
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This paper presents an image processing method for in-line automatic and individual nectarine variety verification in a fruit-packing line based on the use of feature histogram vectors obtained by concatenating the histograms computed from different color layers of a circular central area of the skin
of the nectarines processed. The verification procedure requires the definition of a small dataset with the feature histogram vectors corresponding to some reference nectarines (manually selected) whose skin clearly identifies the variety being processed. The in-line variety verification of each nectarine processed is then done by computing and comparing its current feature histogram vector with the reference dataset. This paper compares experimentally different alternatives for computing the feature histogram vectors and two methods for feature comparison and variety verification. The experimental validation consists of the automatic in-line processing of nectarine samples from different mixed varieties. The results show an 86% success rate in the case of an expert human operator and 100% when using feature histogram vectors computed in the Rg (red and gray) or YR (luminance and normalized red) intensity color layers and when using correlation to compare the feature vectors.