Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorPera Guardiola, Vanessa
dc.contributor.authorContreras-Rodríguez, Oren
dc.contributor.authorBatalla, Iolanda
dc.contributor.authorKosson, David
dc.contributor.authorMenchón, José M.
dc.contributor.authorPifarré Paredero, Josep
dc.contributor.authorBosque, Javier
dc.contributor.authorCardoner, N. (Narcís)
dc.contributor.authorSoriano-Mas, Carles
dc.description.abstractIndividuals with psychopathy present deficits in the recognition of facial emotional expressions. However, the nature and extent of these alterations are not fully understood. Furthermore, available data on the functional neural correlates of emotional face recognition deficits in adult psychopaths have provided mixed results. In this context, emotional face morphing tasks may be suitable for clarifying mild and emotion-specific impairments in psychopaths. Likewise, studies exploring corresponding anatomical correlates may be useful for disentangling available neurofunctional evidence based on the alleged neurodevelopmental roots of psychopathic traits. We used Voxel-Based Morphometry and a morphed emotional face expression recognition task to evaluate the relationship between regional gray matter (GM) volumes and facial emotion recognition deficits in male psychopaths. In comparison to male healthy controls, psychopaths showed deficits in the recognition of sad, happy and fear emotional expressions. In subsequent brain imaging analyses psychopaths with better recognition of facial emotional expressions showed higher volume in the prefrontal cortex (orbitofrontal, inferior frontal and dorsomedial prefrontal cortices), somatosensory cortex, anterior insula, cingulate cortex and the posterior lobe of the cerebellum. Amygdala and temporal lobe volumes contributed to better emotional face recognition in controls only. These findings provide evidence suggesting that variability in brain morphometry plays a role in accounting for psychopaths’ impaired ability to recognize emotional face expressions, and may have implications for comprehensively characterizing the empathy and social cognition dysfunctions typically observed in this population of subjects.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported in part by the Carlos III Health Institute (PI05/0884; PI01/1006; CIBER-CB06/03/0034) and the Agency for Administration of University and Research (AGAUR, Barcelona; 2014SGR1672). Dr. Soriano-Mas is funded by a ‘Miguel Servet’ contract (CP10/00604) and Dr. Contreras-Rodriguez by a ‘Sara Borrell’ postdoctoral fellowship (CD14/00246) from the Carlos III Health Institute.ca_ES
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofPlosOne, 2016, vol. 11, núm. 5, p. e0149807ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by, (c) Pera-Guardiola et al., 2016ca_ES
dc.titleBrain structural correlates of emotion recognition in psychopathsca_ES

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

cc-by, (c) Pera-Guardiola et al., 2016
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by, (c) Pera-Guardiola et al., 2016