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dc.contributor.authorBlanco Calvo, Eduardo
dc.contributor.authorPavón, Francisco Javier
dc.contributor.authorPalomino, Ana
dc.contributor.authorLuque-Rojas, María Jesús
dc.contributor.authorSerrano, Antonia
dc.contributor.authorRivera, Patricia
dc.contributor.authorBilbao, Ainhoa
dc.contributor.authorAlen, Francisco
dc.contributor.authorVida, Margarita
dc.contributor.authorSuárez, Juan
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez de Fonseca, Fernando
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background: Endocannabinoids modulate the glutamatergic excitatory transmission by acting as retrograde messengers. A growing body of studies has reported that both signaling systems in the mesocorticolimbic neural circuitry are involved in the neurobiological mechanisms underlying drug addiction. Methods: We investigated whether the expression of both endocannabinoid and glutamatergic systems in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) were altered by an acute and/or repeated cocaine administration schedule that resulted in behavioral sensitization. We measured the protein and mRNA expression of the main endocannabinoid metabolic enzymes and the cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1). We also analyzed the mRNA expression of relevant components of the glutamatesignaling system, including glutamate-synthesizing enzymes, metabotropic receptors, and ionotropic receptors. Results: Although acute cocaine (10 mg/kg) produced no significant changes in the endocannabinoid-related proteins, repeated cocaine administration (20 mg/kg daily) induced a pronounced increase in the CB1 receptor expression. In addition, acute cocaine administration (10 mg/kg) in cocaine-sensitized mice (referred to as cocaine priming) induced a selective increase in the endocannabinoid-degrading enzymes fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) and monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL). These protein changes were accompanied by an overall decrease in the ratios of endocannabinoid synthesis/degradation, especially the N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamine phospholipase D/FAAH and diacylglycerol lipase alpha/MAGL ratios.Regarding mRNA expression, while acute cocaine administration produced a decrease in CB1 receptors and N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamine phospholipase D, repeated cocaine treatment enhanced CB1 receptor expression. Cocaine sensitized mice that were administered priming injections of cocaine mainly displayed an increased FAAH expression. These endocannabinoid changes were associated with modifications in glutamatergic transmission-related genes. An overall decrease was observed in the mRNA expression of the glutamate-synthesizing gene kidney-type glutaminase (KGA), the metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR3 and GluR), and subunits of NMDA ionotropic receptors (NR1, NR2A, NR2B and NR2C) after acute cocaine administration, while mice repeatedly exposed to cocaine only displayed an increase in NR2C. However, in cocaine-sensitized mice primed with cocaine, this inhibition was reversed and a strong increase was detected in the mGluR5, NR2 subunits, and both GluR1 and GluR3. Conclusions: These findings indicate that cocaine sensitization is associated with an endocannabinoid downregulation and a hyperglutamatergic state in the PFC that, overall, contribute to an enhanced glutamatergic input into PFC-projecting areas
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (PI13/02261 and SAF 2010–20521), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Red de Trastornos Adictivos (RD12/0028/0001), Plan Nacional Sobre Drogas, Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo (PNSD2013/049), Consejería de Economía, Innovación y Ciencia, Junta de Andalucía, UE/ERDF (CTS-433 and P-11-CVI-07637), Consejería de Salud, and Junta de Andalucía (PI0232/2008, PI0029/2008 and SAS111224). Dr Suárez is the recipient of a Miguel Servet research contract from ISCIII (CP12/03109). We thank Mariam Vázquez for English language assistance.
dc.publisherOxford University Press
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 2015, vol. 18, núm. 1, p. 1-10
dc.rightscc-by-nc (c) Blanco et al., 2015
dc.subjectPrefrontal cortex
dc.titleCocaine-induced behavioral sensitization is associated with changes in the expression of endocannabinoid and glutamatergic signaling systems in the mouse prefrontal cortex

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cc-by-nc (c) Blanco et al., 2015
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