Alcohol expectancies mediate and moderate the associations between Big Five personality traits and adolescent alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems
Ibáñez Ribes, Manuel Ignacio
Villa Martín, Elena
Ortet i Fabregat, Generós
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Personality and expectancies are relevant psychological factors for the development of adolescent alcohol use and misuse. The present study examined their direct, mediated and moderated effects on different drinking behaviors in adolescence. Personality domains of the Five-Factor Model, positive and
negative alcohol expectancies, alcohol use during the week and the weekend, and alcohol-related problems were assessed in a sample of 361 adolescents. Different personality dimensions were directly associated with specific alcohol outcomes: Extraversion, low Conscientiousness and low Openness were associated with weekend alcohol use; low Agreeableness was related to weekday use; whereas low Agreeableness, low Conscientiousness and Extraversion were associated with alcohol related problems. In addition, positive alcohol expectancies mediated the relationship between Extraversion and alcohol use, whereas both positive and negative expectancies mediated the association between Neuroticism and alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Finally, both types of expectancies interacted with Extraversion to predict alcohol problems. Our results highlight the importance of examining the complex interplay of comprehensive personality models and alcohol expectancies to gain a better understanding of the development of different alcohol use and misuse patterns in adolescence.
Is part ofFrontiers In Psychology, 2015, vol. 6, p. 1838
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Camacho, Laura; Mezquita, Laura; Ibáñez Ribes, Manuel Ignacio; Moya Higueras, Jorge; Villa Martín, Elena; Viruela, Ana María; Ortet i Fabregat, Generós (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de AsturiasFacultad de Psicología de la Universidad de Oviedo, 2013)Background: Alcohol-related expectancies are especially relevant in relation to alcohol consumption during adolescence. The main aim of this study was to adapt and translate into Spanish (Castilian) the Expectancy ...
An investigation of five types of personality trait continuity: a two-wave longitudinal study of spanish adolescents from age 12 to age 15 Ibáñez Ribes, Manuel Ignacio; Viruela, Ana María; Mezquita, Laura; Moya Higueras, Jorge; Villa, Helena; Camacho, Laura; Ortet i Fabregat, Generós (Frontiers Media, 2016)The present study investigated five types of personality trait continuity using two measurement waves of Spanish adolescents (N = 234). Personality traits were measured with the short form of the Junior Spanish NEO-PI-R ...
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