Ordinary glomeruli in the antennal lobe of male and female tortricid moth Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) process sex pheromone and host-plant volatiles
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Both sexes of Grapholita molesta, a key pest of stone fruits, are able to detect host-plant volatiles and the sex pheromone emitted by females, and to modify their behaviour accordingly. How olfactory information is processed in the central nervous system is unknown. Intracellular recordings and stainings were used to characterize antennal lobe (AL) neuron responses to single pheromone components, a behaviourally active blend of five peach volatiles and a pear-fruit ester. AL neurons with different response patterns responded to pheromone components and plant volatiles. In males more neurons responded specifically to the main pheromone component than in females, whereas neurons responding to all three pheromone components were more abundant in females. Neurons responding to all three pheromone components often responded also to the tested plant volatiles in both sexes. Responses to all pheromone components were dose dependent in males and females, but dose-response relationships differed between neurons and tested pheromone components. Among the five AL projection neurons identified neuroanatomically in males, no arborizations were observed in the enlarged cumulus (Cu), although all of them responded to pheromone compounds. In one of two stained projection neurons in females, however, the glomerulus, which is thought to be homologous to the Cu, was targeted. The processing of pheromone information by ordinary glomeruli rather than by the macroglomerular complex is thus a striking feature of this species, indicating that pheromone and plant volatile processing are not entirely separate in this tortricid moth AL. However, the absence of recorded pheromone responses in the Cu needs to be confirmed.
Is part ofJournal of Experimental Biology, 2011, vol. 214, núm.4, p. 637-645
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