Sit4 is required for proper modulation of the biological functions mediated by Pkc1 and the cell integrity pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Ariño Carmona, Joaquín
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Maintenance of cellular integrity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is carried out by the activation of the protein kinase C-mediated mitogen-activated protein kinase (PKC1-MAPK) pathway. Here we report that correct down-regulation of both basal and induced activity of the PKC1-MAPK pathway requires the SIT4 function. Sit4 is a protein phosphatase also required for a proper cell cycle progression. We present evidence demonstrat- ing that the G1 to S delay in the cell cycle, which occurs as a consequence of the absence of Sit4, is mediated by up-regulation of Pkc1 activity. Sit4 operates down- stream of the plasma membrane sensors Mid2, Wsc1, and Wsc2 and upstream of Pkc1. Sit4 affects all known bio- logical functions involving Pkc1, namely Mpk1 activity and cell wall integrity, actin cytoskeleton organization, and ribosomal gene transcription.