Application of in vitro gastrointestinal digestion and colonic fermentation models to pomegranate products (juice, pulp and peel extract) to study the stability and catabolism of phenolic compounds
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Pomegranate fruit contains a wide range of phenolic compounds that have been related to several health benefits. The stability of pomegranate phenols during digestion was tested by the application of in vitro gastrointestinal digestion (GID) to different pomegranate products: juice (PJ), pulp (PP) and peel extract (PE). The resulting non-absorbable fractions were submitted to in vitro colonic fermentation with human faeces to monitor the generation of microbial metabolites. During the duodenal step, we observed a low stability of anthocyanins and flavonoids and an important release of ellagic acid, especially after PE digestion. The poor potential absorption of the studied phenolic compounds led to their high exposure to colonic metabolism. After colonic fermentation, PE appeared to be the best source of microbial substrates leading to a larger generation of gut microbial catabolites in terms of absolute amounts. We suggest that using PE might be a good strategy to enrich food products with potential health benefits in the prevention of chronic diseases
Is part ofJournal of Functional Foods, 2015, vol. 14, p. 529-540
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