Low carbon and low embodied energy materials in buildings: A review

Thumbnail Image
Cabeza, Luisa F.Cabeza, Luisa F. - ORCID ID
Barreneche Güerisoli, CamilaBarreneche Güerisoli, Camila - ORCID ID
Miró, LaiaMiró, Laia - ORCID ID
Morera Prat, Josep M.Morera Prat, Josep M. - ORCID ID
Bartolí, EstherBartolí, Esther - ORCID ID
Fernández Renna, Ana Inés
Other authors
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
This paper presents a review of the literature on low carbon and low embodied energy materials in buildings. Embodied energy is defined and discussed vs. operating energy of buildings and its growing importance due to the implementation of the Energy Building Performance Directive (EBPD) in Europeas example. The difficulty of measuring embodied energy and the difficulty in comparing published data are highlighted, showing an example of proposed new methodology found in the literature. Relationship between embodied energy and embodied CO2 or CO2 footprint is defined. Different materials defined in the literature as low carbon materials are referred, such as cement and concrete, wood, bricks, rammed earth and sandstone. The review shows the research efforts found in the literature to develop new materials with less embodied energy. Finally, the effect of material substitution in the embodied energy of a building is reviewed in the literature.
Journal or Serie
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2013, núm. 23, p. 536–542