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dc.contributor.authorCabeza, Luisa F.
dc.contributor.authorGutiérrez, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorBarreneche Güerisoli, Camila
dc.contributor.authorUshak, Svetlana
dc.contributor.authorFernández, Ángel G.
dc.contributor.authorFernández Renna, Ana Inés
dc.contributor.authorGrágeda, Mario
dc.description.abstractLithium, mainly used in electrical energy storage, has also been studied in thermal energy storage. It is recognized as a"critical material" and is produced from minerals and from brines. Chile is one of the biggest producers, here from brine and with lower costs than in other countries. With sensible heat storage, in solar power plants lithium is seen as a way to improve the properties of molten salts used today. The low melting point in these ternary salts with lithium, represent a considerable reduction in the maintenance and operational costs associated with current solar technology, demonstrating that the fluids showed, are potential candidates for thermal energy storage (TES) in concentrated solar plants (CSP) plants. Many materials have been studied and proposed to be used as phase change materials (PCM). Between the multiple materials studied to be used in PCM, lithium materials and mixtures are listed as potential PCM for building applications and for high temperature applications. In thermochemical energy storage, lithium compounds have been used mainly in chemical heat pumps, following their use in absorption cooling.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was partially funded by the Spanish ProjectENE2011-22722 and ENE2011-28269-C03-02. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union׳s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no. PIRSES-GA-2013-610692 (INNOSTORAGE). Dr. Luisa F. Cabeza would like to acknowledge the Generalitat de Catalunya for the quality recognition 2014-SGR-123 and Dr. A. Inés Fernández for 2014-SGR-1543. The authors acknowledge to FONDECYT (grant no. 1120422), FONDAP SERC-Chile (grant no. 15110019), and the Education Ministry of Chile Grant PMI ANT 1201 for the financial support. Andrea Gutierrez would like to acknowledge to the Education Ministry of Chile her doctorate scholarship ANT 1106.
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a
dc.relation.ispartofRenewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015, vol. 42, p. 1106-1112
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2015
dc.subject.classificationEnergia solar
dc.subject.otherSolar energy
dc.titleLithium in thermal energy storage: a state-of-the-art review

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cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2015
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Elsevier, 2015