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dc.contributor.authorGarcera, Ana
dc.contributor.authorBahi i Pla, Núria
dc.contributor.authorPeriyakaruppiah, Ambika
dc.contributor.authorArumugam, Saravanan
dc.contributor.authorSoler i Tatché, Rosa Ma.
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-10T09:59:39Z
dc.date.available2015-01-10T09:59:39Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.issn2041-4889 (versió electrònica)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10459.1/47701
dc.description.abstractSpinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic disorder characterized by degeneration of spinal cord motoneurons (MNs), resulting in muscular atrophy and weakness. SMA is caused by mutations in the Survival Motor Neuron 1 (SMN1) gene and decreased SMN protein. SMN is ubiquitously expressed and has a general role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins and pre-mRNA splicing requirements. SMN reduction causes neurite degeneration and cell death without classical apoptotic features, but the direct events leading to SMN degeneration in SMA are still unknown. Autophagy is a conserved lysosomal protein degradation pathway whose precise roles in neurodegenerative diseases remain largely unknown. In particular, it is unclear whether autophagosome accumulation is protective or destructive, but the accumulation of autophagosomes in the neuritic beadings observed in several neurite degeneration models suggests a close relationship between the autophagic process and neurite collapse. In the present work, we describe an increase in the levels of the autophagy markers including autophagosomes, Beclin1 and light chain (LC)3-II proteins in cultured mouse spinal cord MNs from two SMA cellular models, suggesting an upregulation of the autophagy process in Smn (murine survival motor neuron protein)-reduced MNs. Overexpression of Bcl-xL counteracts LC3-II increase, contributing to the hypothesis that the protective role of Bcl-xL observed in some SMA models may be mediated by its role in autophagy inhibition. Our in vitro experimental data indicate an upregulation in the autophagy process and autophagosome accumulation in the pathogenesis of SMA, thus providing a valuable clue in understanding the mechanisms of axonal degeneration and a possible therapeutic target in the treatment of SMA.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by grants from GENAME (Defining targets for Therapeutics in SMA) to RMS; from Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias (PI11-01047), Generalitat de Catalunya (SGR740) and Consolider-Ingenio 2010 (CSD2007-00020) to RMS. AG holds a post-doctoral contract from Genoma Espan˜a; SA holds a fellowship from Universitat de Lleida and AP holds a fellowship from Comissionat de Universitats i Recerca, Departament d’Innovacio´, Universitats i Empresa de la Generalitat de Catalunya and Fons Social Europeu.
dc.language.isoengca_ES
dc.publisherMacmillan Publishers Limitedca_ES
dc.relationMICINN/PN2008-2011/PI11-01047
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cddis.2013.209ca_ES
dc.relation.ispartofCell Death and Disease, 2013, núm.4, e686ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Macmillan Publishers Limited, 2013ca_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/*
dc.subjectNeurotrophic factorsca_ES
dc.subjectMotoneuronca_ES
dc.subjectSpinal muscular atrophyca_ES
dc.subject.otherNeurociènciesca_ES
dc.subject.otherAtròfia muscular espinalca_ES
dc.subject.otherNeurones motoresca_ES
dc.titleSurvival motor neuron protein reduction deregulates autophagy in spinal cord motoneurons in vitroca_ES
dc.typearticleca_ES
dc.identifier.idgrec020296
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionca_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessca_ES
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cddis.2013.209


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cc-by-nc-nd (c) Macmillan Publishers Limited, 2013
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as cc-by-nc-nd (c) Macmillan Publishers Limited, 2013