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dc.contributor.authorFernández Sirera, Laura
dc.contributor.authorCabezón Ponsoda, Óscar
dc.contributor.authorAllepuz Palau, Alberto
dc.contributor.authorRosell Bellsola, Rosa
dc.contributor.authorRiquelme Guerrero, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorSerrano Ferrón, Emmanuel
dc.contributor.authorLavín González, Santiago
dc.contributor.authorMarco Sánchez, Ignasi
dc.description.abstractSince 2001 several outbreaks of a new disease associated with Border disease virus (BDV) infection have caused important declines in Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica) populations in the Pyrenees. The goal of this study was to analyze the post-outbreak BDV epidemiology in the first two areas affected by disease with the aim to establish if the infection has become endemic. We also investigated if BDV infected wild and domestic ruminants sharing habitat with chamois. Unexpectedly, we found different epidemiological scenarios in each population. Since the disease outbreaks, some chamois populations recuperated quickly, while others did not recover as expected. In chamois from the first areas, prevalence was high (73.47%) and constant throughout the whole study period and did not differ between chamois born before and after the BDV outbreak; in all, BDV was detected by RT-PCR in six chamois. In the other areas, prevalence was lower (52.79%) and decreased during the study period; as well, prevalence was significantly lower in chamois born after the disease outbreak. No BDV were detected in this population. A comparative virus neutralisation test performed with four BDV strains and one Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) strain showed that all the chamois had BDV-specific antibodies. Pestivirus antibodies were detected in all the rest of analyzed species, with low prevalence values in wild ruminants and moderate values in domestic ruminants. No viruses were detected in these species. These results confirm the hypothesis that outbreaks of BDV infection only affect the Pyrenean chamois, although other wild ruminants can occasionally be infected. In conclusion, two different scenarios have appeared since the first border disease outbreaks in Pyrenean chamois: on the one hand frequent BDV circulation with possible negative impact on population dynamics in some areas and on the other, lack of virus circulation and quick recovery of the chamois population.ca_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe PhD studies of LFS are funded by a University Teaching Grant (FPU: Formación de Profesorado Universitario) from the Spanish Ministry of Education (Ministerio de Educación) and ES by the Beatriu de Pinós programme (BP-DGR 2011) of the Catalan Science and Technology System. This research was supported by grant CGL2006-11518/BOS and CGL2009-09071/BOS from the Spanish government. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceca_ES
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS ONE, 2012, vol. 7, núm. 12, e51031ca_ES
dc.rightscc-by, (c) Fernández-Sirera et al., 2012ca_ES
dc.subject.otherIsards -- Virosica_ES
dc.subject.otherVirologia veterinàriaca_ES
dc.subject.otherHematologia veterinàriaca_ES
dc.titleTwo different epidemiological scenarios of border disease in the populations of Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra p. pyrenaica) after the first disease outbreaksca_ES

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cc-by, (c) Fernández-Sirera et al., 2012
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