- ItemOpen AccessVisigoths, Asturians and Mossarabs. Approaching Early Medieval Iberian Architecture through Contemporary Trends of Thought(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Carrero Santamaría, EduardoIn recent decades, scholars have reviewed how architectural knowledge was transmitted between the 5th and 11th centuries in Late Antique and Early Medieval Iberia. Yet the architecture of the Iberian Peninsula during these centuries was neither cultural unified nor stylistically homogenous. This long period of more than five centuries includes the creation of the Visigothic realm, the arrival of the Muslims on the Peninsula, and the growth of different Christian kingdoms. Each of these periods has been the subject of contested debate by modern scholars set on imposing different but equally neat and orderly narratives on the transition of one culture to the next. This article outlines this historiography and considers such narratives have influenced the interpretation of Late Antique and Early Medieval church architecture in the Iberian Peninsula.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Teaching of Military History at Portuguese Universities: Pride and Prejudice(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Monteiro, João GouveiaThis article seeks to answer a very concrete question: should Military History be taught at university? It is, first and foremost, about contextualising the evolution of this field of studies in recent decades, in order to ascertain its scientific dignity. Then, based on the experience registered at three of the main Portuguese universities (especially in Coimbra) since the turn of the millennium, it seeks to present the most important arguments for the inclusion of Military History in the undergraduate curricula. Finally, this paper evokes a set of circumstances that, in Portugal but also in Spain, have made this area of teaching and research very appealing.
- ItemOpen AccessMedieval European Art History in Japan(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Kume, JunkoThis paper aims to summarize the historical and current situation of Medieval European Art History studies in Japan. I start from the dawn of European Studies in Japan at the end of the 19th century, and follow the long path taken by Medieval Art historians in Japan, through Japan’s defeat in World War II and later economic growth. Finally, I briefly comment on the general situation of the Humanities and some aspects of Medieval Art History in present day Japan, when the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic are still being felt.
- ItemOpen AccessOn Political Communication in Medieval Studies: Summarising the Research Field and its Theoretical Background(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Jara Fuente, José AntonioCommunicating means taking part in an exchange of information. Of necessity, communicating is an intersubjective practice that involves the participation of a sender and a receiver, both of whom make sense of and give meaning to the act of communicating. Political communication, the topic of this work, seeks to create or use a public space in order to communicate with the public, who participates in the two dimensions of the communicational act. Through this, political communication affects the public conception of politics and the political order – local or otherwise – in which the public either takes part, complains about, revolts against or confirms, reinforces, legitimises or delegitimises. Rumours and gossip, speeches and subversive songs, pamphlets, flyers and libels, posters, drawings, and political poems are all oral or written forms of communication. In this study, we shall examine the theoretical foundations and practice of political communication, focusing on the medieval period and, particularly, on Castile.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Delegitimisation of Rebel Nobles around the War of the Castilian Succession: Discursive Strategies in Enríquez del Castillo’s and Pulgar’s Chronicles(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Corral Sánchez, NuriaIn medieval Castile, language and propaganda were key aspects of political disputes. Some chroniclers and poets contributed to legitimisation and delegitimisation processes by representing both sides in their works. This paper presents a comparative view of the discursive strategies used to discredit the nobles who questioned whether Henry IV of Castile and, later, his successor, Isabella I, were rightful monarchs. The tactics of two chroniclers in particular will be examined, both of whom were solid defenders of the royal authority: Diego Enríquez del Castillo and Fernando de Pulgar. Their texts, as with other coetaneous chronicles, have never been compared in depth from the perspective suggested above; as such, an analysis could offer some interesting conclusions on the matter.