Now showing items 21-40 of 644

    • Thermal analysis of including phase change material in a domestic hot water cylinder 

      Gracia Cuesta, Alvaro de; Oró Prim, Eduard; Farid, Mohammed M.; Cabeza, Luisa F. (Elsevier, 2011)
      The domestic electrical hot water cylinder used in this paper incorporates encapsulated phase change material (PCM) placed in 57 vertical pipes. The use of PCM increases the thermal energy storage capacity of the cylinder ...
    • The potential impact of plant biotechnology on the Millennium Development Goals 

      Yuan, Dawei; Bassie Rene, Ludovic; Sabalza Gallués, Maite; Miralpeix i Anglada, Bruna; Dashevskaya, Svetlana; Farré Martinez, Gemma; Rivera Vélez, Sol Maiam; Banakar, Raviraj; Bai, Chao; Sanahuja Solsona, Georgina; Arjó Pont, Gemma; Avilla, Eva; Zorrilla López, Uxue; Ugidos-Damboriena, Nerea; López, Alberto; Almacellas, David; Zhu, Changfu; Capell Capell, Teresa; Hahne, Gunther; Twyman, Richard M.; Christou, Paul (Springer Verlag, 2011)
      The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are international development targets for the year 2015 that aim to achieve relative improvements in the standards of health, socioeconomic status and education in the ...
    • Nutritious crops producing multiple carotenoids – a metabolic balancing act 

      Farré Martinez, Gemma; Bai, Chao; Twyman, Richard M.; Capell Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul; Zhu, Changfu (Elsevier, 2011)
      Plants and microbes produce multiple carotenoid pigments with important nutritional roles in animals. By unraveling the basis of carotenoid biosynthesis it has become possible to modulate the key metabolic steps in plants ...
    • Climate at the onset of western Mediterranean agriculture expansion: Evidence from stable isotopes of sub-fossil oak tree rings in Spain 

      Aguilera, Mònica; Ferrio Díaz, Juan Pedro; Araus Ortega, José Luis; Tarrús, J.; Voltas Velasco, Jordi (Elsevier, 2011)
      Climate conditions during the early Holocene may have contributed to the spread of Old World agriculture from its area of birth, in the Fertile Crescent (Near East), west through the Mediterranean Basin. Reconstructing the ...
    • Modelling the effect of temperature and water activity of Aspergillus flavus isolates from corn 

      Astoreca, A.; Vaamonde, G.; Dalcero, A.; Ramos Girona, Antonio J.; Marín Sillué, Sònia (Elsevier, 2011)
      The aim of this study was to model the effects of temperature (10–40 °C) and aw (0.80–0.98), in two media (Czapek yeast agar: CYA; corn extract medium: CEM) on the growth rates and growth boundaries (growth–no growth ...
    • Mould growth and mycotoxin production as affected by Equisetum arvense and Stevia rebaudiana extracts 

      García, Daiana; García Cela, Esther; Ramos Girona, Antonio J.; Sanchís Almenar, Vicente; Marín Sillué, Sònia (Elsevier, 2011)
      Cereals are very important for human and animal diet. However, agricultural products can be contaminated by moulds and their mycotoxins. On the other hand, natural plant products with antimicrobial properties could be a ...
    • Oxidative damage compromises energy metabolism in the axonal degeneration mouse model of X-Adrenoleukodystrophy 

      Fourcade, Stéphane; Schlüter, Agatha; López Erauskin, Jone; Guilera, Cristina; Jové Font, Mariona; Naudí i Farré, Alba; García Arumí, Elena; Andreu, Antoni L.; Starkov, Anatoly A.; Pamplona Gras, Reinald; Ferrer, Isidre; Portero Otín, Manuel; Pujol, Aurora (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2011)
      Aims: Chronic metabolic impairment and oxidative stress are associated with the pathogenesis of axonal dysfunction in a growing number of neurodegenerative conditions. To investigate the intertwining of both noxious factors, ...
    • Boolean lexicographic optimization: algorithms & applications 

      Marques-Silva, Joao; Argelich Romà, Josep; Graça, Ana; Lynce, Inês (Springer Verlag, 2011)
      Multi-Objective Combinatorial Optimization (MOCO) problems find a wide range of practical application problems, some of which involving Boolean variables and constraints. This paper develops and evaluates algorithms for ...
    • High-value products from transgenic maize 

      Naqvi, Shaista; Ramessar, Koreen; Farré Martinez, Gemma; Sabalza Gallués, Maite; Miralpeix i Anglada, Bruna; Twyman, Richard M.; Capell Capell, Teresa; Zhu, Changfu; Christou, Paul (Elsevier, 2011)
      Maize (also known as corn) is a domesticated cereal grain that has been grown as food and animal feed for tens of thousands of years. It is currently the most widely grown crop in the world, and is used not only for food/feed ...
    • Computation of current distribution in YBCO tapes with defects obtained from hall magnetic mapping by inverse problem solution 

      Carrera i Vilanova, Miquel; Amorós, J.; Granados, X.; Maynou, R.; Puig, Teresa; Obradors, X. (IEEE, 2011)
      The development of superconducting devices based on long-length HTS tapes often requires of these tapes high homogeneity along its length as well as across its width. This implies the absence of significant local defects. ...
    • A golden era—pro-vitamin A enhancement in diverse crops 

      Bai, Chao; Twyman, Richard M.; Farré Martinez, Gemma; Sanahuja Solsona, Georgina; Christou, Paul; Capell Capell, Teresa; Zhu, Changfu (Springer Verlag, 2011)
      Numerous crops have been bred or engineered to increase carotenoid levels in an effort to develop novel strategies that address vitamin A deficiency in the developing world. The pioneering work in rice (not covered in ...
    • Emerging diseases in European forest ecosystems and responses in society 

      Stenlid, Jan; Oliva Palau, Jonàs; Boberg, Johanna; Hopkins, Anna J.M. (MDPI, 2011-06-01)
      New diseases in forest ecosystems have been reported at an increasing rate over the last century. Some reasons for this include the increased disturbance by humans to forest ecosystems, changed climatic conditions and ...
    • Reduction of mycotoxins and toxigenic fungi in the Mediterranean basin maize chain 

      Marín Sillué, Sònia; Ramos Girona, Antonio J.; Cano Sancho, German; Sanchís Almenar, Vicente (Firenze University Press, 2012)
      The main mycotoxigenic fungi found in maize in the Mediterranean basin include Aspergillus section Flavi and several Fusarium species, Fusarium section Liseola being the more widespread. While Aspergillus section Flavi ...
    • Current distribution in wide YBCO tapes 

      Carrera i Vilanova, Miquel; Granados, X.; Amorós, J.; Puig, Teresa; Obradors, X. (Elsevier, 2012)
      The need of a better mechanical behaviour and the stabilization of coated conductors for applications, as Magnets, cables or Fault Current Limiters, has motivated the lamination of tapes with stainless steel or copper ...
    • Field trials and tribulations—making sense of the regulations for experimental field trials of transgenic crops in Europe 

      Gómez Galera, Sonia; Twyman, Richard M.; Sparrow, Penelope A.C.; Van Droogenbroeck, Bart; Custers, René; Capell Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul (Wiley, 2012)
      Transgenic plants that are being developed for commercial cultivation must be tested underfield conditions to monitor their effects on surrounding wildlife and conventional crops. Devel-opers also use this opportunity to ...
    • Review on phase change materials (PCMs) for cold thermal energy storage applications 

      Oró Prim, Eduard; Gracia Cuesta, Alvaro de; Castell, Albert; Farid, Mohammed M.; Cabeza, Luisa F. (Elsevier, 2012)
      Thermal energy storage (TES) is a technology with a high potential for different thermal applications. It is well known that TES could be the most appropriate way and method to correct the gap between the demand and ...
    • Oxidative stress underlying axonal degeneration in adrenoleukodystrophy: a paradigm for multifactorial neurodegenerative diseases? 

      Galea, Elena; Launay, Nathalie; Portero Otín, Manuel; Ruiz, Montserrat; Pamplona Gras, Reinald; Aubourg, Patrick; Ferrer, Isidre; Pujol, Aurora (Elsevier, 2012)
      X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder expressed as four disease variants characterized by adrenal insufficiency and graded damage in the nervous system. X-ALD is caused by a loss ...
    • Optimising the number of isolates to be used to estimate growth parameters of mycotoxigenic species 

      García, Daiana; Valls Marsal, Joan; Ramos Girona, Antonio J.; Sanchís Almenar, Vicente; Marín Sillué, Sònia (Elsevier, 2012)
      The aim of the present work was to mathematically assess the minimum number of isolates that would lead to equivalent growth parameters estimates to those obtained with a high number of strains. The datasets from two ...
    • Impact of cycling temperatures on Fusarium verticillioides and Fusarium graminearum growth and mycotoxins production in soybean 

      García, Daiana; Barros, Germán; Chulze, Sofía; Ramos Girona, Antonio J.; Sanchís Almenar, Vicente; Marín Sillué, Sònia (Wiley, 2012)
      Fusarium graminearum and F. verticillioides are two very important mycotoxigenic species as they cause diverse diseases in crops. The effects of constant and cycling temperatures on growth and mycotoxin production of these ...
    • Analytical tools for the analysis of carotenoids in diverse materials 

      Rivera Vélez, Sol Maiam; Canela i Garayoa, Ramon (Elsevier, 2012)
      High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) has become the method of choice for carotenoid analysis. Although a number of normal-phase columns have been reported, reverse-phase columns are the most widely used stationary ...