Now showing items 384-403 of 590

    • Obesity-associated deficits in inhibitory control are phenocopied to mice through gut microbiota changes in one-carbon and aromatic amino acids metabolic pathways 

      Arnoriaga Rodríguez, María; Mayneris Perxachs, Jordi; Contreras-Rodríguez, Oren; Burokas, Aurelijus; Ortega Sánchez, Juan Antonio; Blasco Solà, Gerard; Coll, Claudia; Biarnés, Carles; Castells Nobau, Anna; Puig, Josep; Garre Olmo, Josep; Ramos, Rafel; Pedraza, Salvador; Brugada, Ramon; Vilanova, Joan Carles; Serena, Joaquín; Barretina Ginesta, Jordi; Gich Fullà, Jordi; Pérez Brocal, Vicente; Moya, Andrés; Fernández Real, Xavier; Ramió Torrentà, Lluís; Pamplona Gras, Reinald; Sol, Joaquim; Jové Font, Mariona; Ricart, Wifredo; Portero Otín, Manuel; Maldonado, Rafael; Fernández Real, José Manuel (BMJ Publishing GroupBritish Society of Gastroenterology, 2021-01)
      Background Inhibitory control (IC) is critical to keep long-term goals in everyday life. Bidirectional relationships between IC deficits and obesity are behind unhealthy eating and physical exercise habits. Methods We ...
    • Ochratoxigenic moulds and effectiveness of grape field antifungals in a climatic change scenario 

      García Cela, Esther; Ramos Girona, Antonio J.; Sanchís Almenar, Vicente; Marín Sillué, Sònia (Wiley, 2012)
      BACKGROUND: The presence of ochratoxin A (OTA) in grapes and grape derivatives has been reported mainly in the Mediterranean area. Consequently, great efforts are being made to prevent the growth of Aspergillus on grapes. ...
    • On d-Fibonacci digraphs 

      Dalfó, Cristina; Fiol, Miguel Angel (Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) IndonesiaIndonesian Combinatorial Society (InaCombS)GTA Research Group, University of Newcastle (Australia), 2021)
      The d-Fibonacci digraphs F(d, k), introduced here, have the number of vertices following some generalized Fibonacci-like sequences. They can be defined both as digraphs on alphabets and as iterated line digraphs. Here we ...
    • On the extensions of the Darboux theory of integrability 

      Giné, Jaume; Grau Montaña, Maite; Llibre, Jaume (IOP Publishing, 2013)
      Recently some extensions of the classical Darboux integrability theory to autonomous and non-autonomous polynomial vector fields were completed. The classical Darboux integrability theory and its recent extensions are based ...
    • On the Laplacian spectra of token graphs 

      Dalfó, Cristina; Duque, F.; Fabila Monroy, R.; Fiol, Miguel Angel; Huemer, Clemens; Zaragoza Martínez, F.J.; Trujillo Negrete, A.L. (Elsevier, 2021)
      We study the Laplacian spectrum of token graphs, also called symmetric powers of graphs. The k-token graph Fk(G) of a graph G is the graph whose vertices are the k-subsets of vertices from G, two of which being adjacent ...
    • On the Randić index of graphs 

      Dalfó, Cristina (Elsevier, 2018-09-11)
      For a given graph G = (V, E), the degree mean rate of an edge uv ∈ E is a half of the quotient between the geometric and arithmetic means of its end-vertex degrees d(u) and d(v). In this note, we derive tight bounds for ...
    • Optimising the number of isolates to be used to estimate growth parameters of mycotoxigenic species 

      García, Daiana; Valls Marsal, Joan; Ramos Girona, Antonio J.; Sanchís Almenar, Vicente; Marín Sillué, Sònia (Elsevier, 2012)
      The aim of the present work was to mathematically assess the minimum number of isolates that would lead to equivalent growth parameters estimates to those obtained with a high number of strains. The datasets from two ...
    • Optimization of coupled building roof solar reflectance and thermal insulation level for annual energy saving under different climate zones 

      Piselli, Cristina; Pisello, Anna Laura; Gracia Cuesta, Alvaro de; Saffari Tabalvandani, Mohammad; Cotana, Franco; Cabeza, Luisa F. (International Solar Energy Society, 2017)
      The aim of this work is to assess building energy performance optimization potential of cool roof solutions in different climate conditions worldwide through dynamic thermal-energy simulation and optimization analysis. Moreover, ...
    • Optimization of Design Variables of a Phase Change Material Storage Tank and Comparison of a 2D Implicit vs. 2D Explicit Model 

      Crespo, Alicia; Zsembinszki, Gabriel; Vérez, David; Borri, Emiliano; Fernàndez Camon, César; Cabeza, Luisa F.; Gracia Cuesta, Alvaro de (MDPI, 2021)
      In this study, a thermal energy storage tank filled with commercial phase change material flat slabs is investigated. The tank provides heat at around 15 C to the evaporator of a seasonal thermal energy storage system ...
    • Optimization of deterministic controls for a cooling radiant wall coupled to a PV array 

      Romaní Picas, Joaquim; Belusko, Martin; Alemu, Alemu; Cabeza, Luisa F.; Gracia Cuesta, Alvaro de; Bruno, Frank (Elsevier, 2018)
      Thermally activated building systems (TABS) can work as thermal energy storage (TES) systems, which are useful in shifting the energy use of space cooling and heating in buildings. The present study analyses and optimizes ...
    • Optimization of the level and range of working temperature of the PCM in the gypsum-microencapsulated PCM thermal energy storage unit for summer conditions in Central Poland 

      Łapka, P.; Jaworski, Maciej (IOP Publishing, 2017)
      In this paper thermal energy storage (TES) unit in a form of a ceiling panel made of gypsum-microencapsulated PCM composite with internal U-shaped channels was considered and optimal characteristics of the microencapsulated ...
    • Optimized demand side management (DSM) of peak electricity demand by coupling low temperature thermal energy storage (TES) and solar PV 

      Saffari Tabalvandani, Mohammad; Gracia Cuesta, Alvaro de; Fernàndez Camon, César; Belusko, Martin; Boer, Dieter; Cabeza, Luisa F. (Elsevier, 2018)
      Cooling in the industry sector contributes significantly to the peak demand placed on an electrical utility grid. New electricity tariff structures include high charges for electricity consumption in peak hours which leads ...
    • Oxidative damage compromises energy metabolism in the axonal degeneration mouse model of X-Adrenoleukodystrophy 

      Fourcade, Stéphane; Schlüter, Agatha; López Erauskin, Jone; Guilera, Cristina; Jové Font, Mariona; Naudí i Farré, Alba; García Arumí, Elena; Andreu, Antoni L.; Starkov, Anatoly A.; Pamplona Gras, Reinald; Ferrer, Isidre; Portero Otín, Manuel; Pujol, Aurora (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2011)
      Aims: Chronic metabolic impairment and oxidative stress are associated with the pathogenesis of axonal dysfunction in a growing number of neurodegenerative conditions. To investigate the intertwining of both noxious factors, ...
    • Oxidative stress underlying axonal degeneration in adrenoleukodystrophy: a paradigm for multifactorial neurodegenerative diseases? 

      Galea, Elena; Launay, Nathalie; Portero Otín, Manuel; Ruiz, Montserrat; Pamplona Gras, Reinald; Aubourg, Patrick; Ferrer, Isidre; Pujol, Aurora (Elsevier, 2012)
      X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder expressed as four disease variants characterized by adrenal insufficiency and graded damage in the nervous system. X-ALD is caused by a loss ...
    • Paradoxical EU agricultural policies on genetically engineered crops 

      Masip Vilà, Gemma; Sabalza Gallués, Maite; Pérez Massot, Eduard; Banakar, Raviraj; Cebrian, David; Twyman, Richard M.; Capell Capell, Teresa; Albajes Garcia, Ramon; Christou, Paul (Elsevier, 2013)
      European Union (EU) agricultural policy has been developed in the pursuit of laudable goals such as a competitive economy and regulatory harmony across the union. However, what has emerged is a fragmented, contradictory, and ...
    • Paricalcitol Inhibits Aldosterone-Induced Proinflammatory Factors by Modulating Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Pathway in Cultured Tubular Epithelial Cells 

      Morgado-Pascual, José L.; Rayego Mateos, Sandra; Valdivielso Revilla, José Manuel; Ortiz, Alberto; Egido, Jesús; Ruiz-Ortega, Marta (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015)
      Chronic kidney disease is characterized by Vitamin D deficiency and activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Increasing data show that vitamin D receptor agonists (VDRAs) exert beneficial effects in renal ...
    • Passive cooling of buildings with phase change materials using whole-building energy simulation tools: A review 

      Saffari Tabalvandani, Mohammad; Gracia Cuesta, Alvaro de; Ushak, Svetlana; Cabeza, Luisa F. (Elsevier, 2017)
      Buildings contribute to climate change by consuming a considerable amount of energy to provide thermal comfort for occupants. Cooling energy demands are expected to increase substantially in the world. On this basis, ...
    • Pathways to a European PhD for Thermal Energy Storage 

      Weber, Gundula; Cabeza, Luisa F.; Zsembinszki, Gabriel; Chiu, Justin (International Journal of Learning and TeachingXabier Basogain, 2017)
      Innovative Pathways to Thermal Energy Storage (INPATH- TES) is to create a network of academia, research institutes and small and medium enterprises that are cooperating in defining an innovative programme and in its ...
    • Pathways to defense metabolites and evading fruit bitterness in genus Solanum evolved through 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases 

      Cárdenas, Pablo D.; Sonawane, Prashant D.; Heinig, Uwe; Jozwiak, Adam; Panda, Sayantan; Abebie, Bekele; Kazachkova, Yana; Pliner, Margarita; Unger, Tamar; Wolf, Dalia; Ofner, Itai; Vilaprinyo Terré, Ester; Meir, Sagit; Davydov, Olga; Gal-on, Amit; Burdman, Saul; Gir, Ashok; Zamir, Dani; Scherf, Tali; Szymanski, Jedrzej; Rogachev, Ilana; Aharoni, Asaph (Springer Nature, 2019)
      The genus Solanum comprises three food crops (potato, tomato, and eggplant), which are consumed on daily basis worldwide and also producers of notorious anti-nutritional steroidal glycoalkaloids (SGAs). Hydroxylated SGAs ...
    • Patterns of CRISPR/Cas9 activity in plants, animals and microbes 

      Bortesi, Luisa; Zhu, Changfu; Zischewski, Julia; Pérez Álvarez, Lucía; Bassie Rene, Ludovic; Nadi, Riad; Forni, Giobbe; Lade Lee, Sarah Boyd; Soto, Erika; Jin, Xin; Medina Piles, Vicente; Villorbina Noguera, Gemma; Muñoz Gràcia, Pilar; Farré Martinez, Gemma; Fischer, Rainer; Twyman, Richard M.; Capell Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul; Schillberg, Stefan (Wiley, 2016)
      The CRISPR/Cas9 system and related RNA-guided endonucleases can introduce double-strand breaks (DSBs) at specific sites in the genome, allowing the generation of targeted mutations in one or more genes as well as more ...