Now showing items 61-80 of 601

    • Bacillus thuringiensis: a century of research, development and commercial applications 

      Sanahuja Solsona, Georgina; Banakar, Raviraj; Twyman, Richard M.; Capell Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul (Wiley, 2011)
      Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is a soil bacterium that forms spores during the stationary phase of its growth cycle. The spores contain crystals, predominantly comprising one or more Cry and/or Cyt proteins (also known as ...
    • Bacterial protein degradation by different rumen protozoal groups 

      Belanche, A.; de la Fuente Oliver, Gabriel; Moorby, J. M.; Newbold, C. Jamie (American Society of Animal Science, 2012-07-08)
      Bacterial predation by protozoa has the most deleterious effect on the efficiency of N use within the rumen, but differences in activity among protozoal groups are not completely understood. Two in vitro experiments were ...
    • Baseline Energy Use Modeling and Characterization in Tertiary Buildings Using an Interpretable Bayesian Linear Regression Methodology 

      Grillone, Benedetto; Mor, Gerard; Danov, Stoyan; Cipriano Líndez, Jorge; Lazzari, Florencia; Sumper, Andreas (MDPI, 2021)
      Interpretable and scalable data-driven methodologies providing high granularity baseline predictions of energy use in buildings are essential for the accurate measurement and verification of energy renovation projects ...
    • Bases for pesticide dose expression and adjustment in 3D crops and comparison of decision support systems 

      Planas de Martí, Santiago; Román, Carla; Sanz Cortiella, Ricardo; Rosell Polo, Joan Ramon (Elsevier, 2022-02-01)
      Authorities around the world have committed to limiting the use of chemical pesticides by reducing doses, among other strategies. Nevertheless, different dose expression models and decision support systems (DSSs) for dose ...
    • Benchmarking of energy demand of domestic and small business buildings 

      Coma Arpón, Julià; Maldonado, José Miguel; Gracia Cuesta, Alvaro de; Gimbernat, Toni; Botargues, Teresa; Cabeza, Luisa F. (Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2017)
      In Europe the building sector represents 41% of the final energy consumption and the 40% of the total GHG emissions of end-use sectors (Directive 2010/31/EU) [1]. Solar energy is one of the forms of renewable energy that ...
    • Benchmarking of energy demand of domestic and small business buildings 

      Coma Arpón, Julià; Maldonado, José Miguel; Gracia Cuesta, Alvaro de; Gimbernat, Toni; Botargues, Teresa; Cabeza, Luisa F. (Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT), 2017)
      Rapid expansion of solar thermal energy for increasing energy efficiency of buildings has been adopted in short/medium and long-term energy strategies of EU countries. This enhancement of energy efficiency in buildings ...
    • Benchmarking of energy demand of residential buildings 

      Coma Arpón, Julià; Maldonado, José Miguel; Gracia Cuesta, Alvaro de; Gimbernat, Toni; Botargues, Teresa; Cabeza, Luisa F. (Çukurova University, 2018)
      Solar thermal energy has been adopted in medium and long‐term energy strategies within EU countries for increasing the energy efficiency of buildings. In this context, the overall objective of this project consists ...
    • Biocontrol products based on Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CPA-8 using fluid-bed spray-drying process to control postharvest brown rot in stone fruit 

      Gotor Vila, Amparo María; Usall i Rodié, Josep; Torres Sanchis, Rosario; Solsona Aixalà, Cristina; Teixidó i Espasa, Neus (Elsevier, 2017)
      Two products based on the biocontrol agent Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CPA-8 have been developed as an effective alternative to chemical applications to control postharvest brown rot in stone fruit. As part of the production ...
    • Biofortification of plants with altered antioxidant content and composition: genetic engineering strategies 

      Changfu, Zhu; Sanahuja Solsona, Georgina; Yuan, Dawei; Farré Martinez, Gemma; Arjó Pont, Gemma; Berman Quintana, Judit; Zorrilla López, Uxue; Banakar, Raviraj; Bai, Chao; Pérez Massot, Eduard; Bassie Rene, Ludovic; Capell Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul (Wiley Open Access, 2013)
      Antioxidants are protective molecules that neutralize reactive oxygen species and prevent oxidative damage to cellular components such as membranes, proteins and nucleic acids, therefore reducing the rate of cell death ...
    • Biological characterization of the biocontrol agent Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CPA-8: the effect of temperature, pH and water activity on growth, susceptibility to antibiotics and detection of enterotoxic genes 

      Gotor Vila, Amparo María; Teixidó i Espasa, Neus; Sisquella Sanagustín, María; Torres Sanchis, Rosario; Usall i Rodié, Josep (Springer Verlag, 2017)
      This work focuses on the biological understanding of the biocontrol agent Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CPA-8 in order to accomplish the characterization required in the registration process for the development of a ...
    • Biological control of brown rot in stone fruit using Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CPA-8 under field conditions 

      Gotor Vila, Amparo María; Teixidó i Espasa, Neus; Casals Rosell, Carla; Torres Sanchis, Rosario; De Cal, Antonieta; Guijarro, Belén; Usall i Rodié, Josep (Elsevier, 2017)
      Different treatments based on the biocontrol agent (BCA) Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CPA-8 to control brown rot under field conditions were evaluated as alternative to chemical applications. As part of a well-designed disease ...
    • Biomarker Identification, Safety, and Efficacy of High-Dose Antioxidants for Adrenomyeloneuropathy: a Phase II Pilot Study 

      Casasnovas, Carlos; Ruiz, Montserrat; Schlüter, Agatha; Naudí i Farré, Alba; Fourcade, Stéphane; Veciana, Misericordia; Castañer, Sara; Albertí, Antonia; Bargalló, Nuria; Johnson, Maria; Raymond, Gerald V.; Fatemi, Ali; Moser, Ann B.; Villarroya, Francesc; Portero Otín, Manuel; Artuch, Rafael; Pamplona Gras, Reinald; Pujol, Aurora (Springer Verlag, 2019-05)
      X-Adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) and its adult-onset, most prevalent variant adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) are caused by mutations in the peroxisomal transporter of the very long-chain fatty acid ABCD1. AMN patients classically ...
    • Biomarkers, matrices and analytical methods targeting human exposure to chemicals selected for a European human biomonitoring initiative 

      Vorkamp, Katrin; Castaño, Argelia; Antignac, Jean-Philippe; Boada, Luis D.; Cequier Manciñeiras, Enrique; Covaci, Adrian; Esteban López, Marta; Haug, Line S.; Kasper-Sonnenberg, Monika; Koch, Holger M.; Pérez Luzardo, Octavio Luis; Osīte, Agnese; Rambaud, Loïc; Pinorini, Maria-Teresa; Sabbioni, Gabriele; Thomsen, Cathrine (Elsevier, 2020-11-20)
      The major purpose of human biomonitoring is the mapping and assessment of human exposure to chemicals. The European initiative HBM4EU has prioritized seven substance groups and two metals relevant for human exposure: ...
    • Black box modelling of a latent heat thermal energy storage system coupled with heat pipes 

      Arteconi, Alessia; Ferracuti, Francesco; Tascioni, Roberto; Mahkamov, Khamid; Kenisarin, Murat; Costa, Carolina; Cabeza, Luisa F.; Gracia Cuesta, Alvaro de; Halimic, Elvedin; Mullen, David; Lynn, Kevin; Cioccolanti, Luca (IHPC/IHPS Conference, 2018)
      This paper presents black box models to represent a LHTESS (Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage System) coupled with heat pipes, aimed at increasing the storage performance and at decreasing the time of charging/discharging. ...
    • Boolean lexicographic optimization: algorithms & applications 

      Marques-Silva, Joao; Argelich Romà, Josep; Graça, Ana; Lynce, Inês (Springer Verlag, 2011)
      Multi-Objective Combinatorial Optimization (MOCO) problems find a wide range of practical application problems, some of which involving Boolean variables and constraints. This paper develops and evaluates algorithms for ...
    • Bottlenecks in carotenoid biosynthesis and accumulation in rice endosperm are influenced by the precursor–product balance 

      Bai, Chao; Capell Capell, Teresa; Berman Quintana, Judit; Medina Piles, Vicente; Sandmann, Gerhard; Christou, Paul; Zhu, Changfu (Wiley, 2016)
      The profile of secondary metabolites in plants reflects the balance of biosynthesis, degradation and storage, including the availability of precursors and products that affect the metabolic equilibrium. We investigated the ...
    • Brownian Dynamics Computational Model of Protein Diffusion in Crowded Media with Dextran Macromolecules as Obstacles 

      Blanco, Pablo M.; Via, Mireia; Garcés, Josep Lluís; Madurga, Sergio; Mas i Pujadas, Francesc (MDPI, 2017-03-09)
      The high concentration of macromolecules (i.e., macromolecular crowding) in cellular environments leads to large quantitative effects on the dynamic and equilibrium biological properties. These effects have been experimentally ...
    • Building bridges: an integrated strategy for sustainable food production throughout the value chain 

      Albajes Garcia, Ramon; Cantero-Martínez, Carlos; Capell Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul; Farré Martinez, Alba; Galceran i Nogués, Josep; López Gatius, Fernando; Marín Sillué, Sònia; Martín Belloso, Olga; Motilva Casado, Mª José; Nogareda, Carmina; Pemán García, Jesús; Puy Llorens, Jaume; Recasens i Guinjuan, Jordi; Romagosa Clariana, Ignacio; Romero Fabregat, Mª Paz; Sanchís Almenar, Vicente; Savin, Roxana; Slafer, Gustavo A.; Soliva-Fortuny, Robert; Viñas Almenar, Inmaculada; Voltas Velasco, Jordi (Springer, 2013)
      The food production and processing value chain is under pressure from all sides-increasing demand driven by a growing and more affluent population; dwindling resources caused by urbanization, land erosion, pollution and ...
    • Can Social Innovation Make a Change in European and Mediterranean Marginalized Areas? Social Innovation Impact Assessment in Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry, and Rural Development 

      Ravazzoli, Elisa; Dalla Torre, Cristina; Da Re, Riccardo; Govigli, Valentino Marini; Secco, Laura; Górriz Mifsud, Elena; Pisani, Elena; Barlagne, Carla; Baselice, Antonio; Bengoumi, Mohammed; Dijskhoorn-Dekker, Marijke; Labidi, Arbia; Lopolito, Antonio; Melnykovych, Mariana; Perlik, Manfred; Polman, Nico; Sarkki, Simo; Vassilopoulos, Achilleas; Koundouri, Phoebe; Miller, David; Streifeneder, Thomas; Nijnik, Maria (MDPI, 2021-02-08)
      Social innovation (SI) impacts are long-term changes that affect different dimensions of territorial capital (i.e., economy, society, environment, governance) for the territory in which SI occurs. Yet, systematic empirical ...
    • Can the world afford to ignore biotechnology solutions that address food insecurity? 

      Berman Quintana, Judit; Zhu, Changfu; Pérez Massot, Eduard; Arjó Pont, Gemma; Zorrilla López, Uxue; Masip Vilà, Gemma; Banakar, Raviraj; Sanahuja Solsona, Georgina; Farré Martinez, Gemma; Miralpeix i Anglada, Bruna; Bai, Chao; Vamvaka, Evangelia; Sabalza Gallués, Maite; Twyman, Richard M.; Bassie Rene, Ludovic; Capell Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul (Springer Verlag, 2013)
      Genetically engineered (GE) crops can be used as part of a combined strategy to address food insecurity, which is defined as a lack of sustainable access to safe and nutritious food. In this article, we discuss the ...