Innovative LIDAR 3D dynamic measurement system to estimate fruit-tree leaf area

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Sanz Cortiella, RicardoSanz Cortiella, Ricardo - ORCID ID
Llorens Calveras, JordiLlorens Calveras, Jordi - ORCID ID
Escolà i Agustí, AlexandreEscolà i Agustí, Alexandre - ORCID ID
Arnó Satorra, JaumeArnó Satorra, Jaume - ORCID ID
Ribes Dasi, ManuelRibes Dasi, Manuel - ORCID ID
Masip Vilalta, JoanMasip Vilalta, Joan - ORCID ID
Camp, Ferran
Gràcia Aguilà, Felipe José
Solanelles Batlle, FrancescSolanelles Batlle, Francesc - ORCID ID
Planas de Martí, SantiagoPlanas de Martí, Santiago - ORCID ID
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cc-by, (c) Sanz-Cortiella et al., 2011
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In this work, a LIDAR-based 3D Dynamic Measurement System is presented and evaluated for the geometric characterization of tree crops. Using this measurement system, trees were scanned from two opposing sides to obtain two three-dimensional point clouds. After registration of the point clouds, a simple and easily obtainable parameter is the number of impacts received by the scanned vegetation. The work in this study is based on the hypothesis of the existence of a linear relationship between the number of impacts of the LIDAR sensor laser beam on the vegetation and the tree leaf area. Tests performed under laboratory conditions using an ornamental tree and, subsequently, in a pear tree orchard demonstrate the correct operation of the measurement system presented in this paper. The results from both the laboratory and field tests confirm the initial hypothesis and the 3D Dynamic Measurement System is validated in field operation. This opens the door to new lines of research centred on the geometric characterization of tree crops in the field of agriculture and, more specifically, in precision fruit growing.
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Sensors, 2011, vol. 11, núm. 6, p. 5769-5791